What is cancer

What is cancer?
Cancer is a carcinogen substance which makes cells in the human body cancerous. Cancer can also be caused by mutation which is very bad because they might cause exposure to DNA-damaging agents in the environment. Benign tumour is a type of tumour that can be removed completely and is not a dangerous threat to health.

Carcinoma
Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in tissue that lines the inner or outer surfaces of the body. Carcinoma is tumour tissue derived from putative epithelial cells whose genome has become altered or damaged, causing the cells to transform and show abnormal malignant properties.
Other types of carcinoma can be Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), Ductal cell carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and Invasive ductal carcinoma.
Causes of Carcinoma

• Ultraviolet Light
• Therapeutic Radiation
• Immunosuppressant Drugs
• Chronic infectious diseases
• Genetic factors can cause most cancer
• Exposure to carcinogens
• Asbestos products
Prevelance

Treatment for Carcinoma
Treatment for Carcinoma varies depending on the type, location and extent of the disease but may include :
• Surgery
• Radiation therapy
• Chemotherapy