Vector borne diseases are of particular interest in underdeveloped communities as their industrial and monetary disability makes it more difficult to combat epidemics and to develop practical control strategies

Vector borne diseases are of particular interest in underdeveloped communities as their industrial and monetary disability makes it more difficult to combat epidemics and to develop practical control strategies. Prominent climate- variable ecologies as well as poor water and sanitation management, are all ideal growth conditions for the sustenance and reproduction of infected arthropods including mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are notorious for the transmission of several classes of viral and parasitic infections. In Cambodia, the highest mortality rates have been a result of mosquito borne infections which include malaria, dengue, acute respiratory infection, measles, and numerous other infections which all display symptoms of fever, resulting in discrepancies between diagnosis and the severity of patient condition, therefore delaying the very time- sensitive treatment phase (khun and Manderson 2007). Similarly in Tanzania, Maria outbreaks are intensified in the underdeveloped countries, and within these countries malaria immensely affects the poorest as they are the most susceptible to infection and have fewer resources available for treatment (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011). The absence of accessible economic resources for the people within these and many other poverty-stricken communities as well as lack of trust established between the people and government-provided health care systems sadly results in the delay of seeking medical attention and resorts to inappropriate treatment practices after exposure to these horrifying diseases. Moreover, prolongs exposure and lack of viable medical services to these communities only creates a greater barrier between the sectors and mortifying epidemics.
The most impactful barriers that have been observed and directly correlated to vector borne diseases, like malaria, in these communities are indefinitely products of poverty, including poor living and hygiene condition standards, disagreements in healing sectors, lack of trusts established between individuals within the community and professional practicing physicians, and limited availability and educational resources. Mothers from Cambodia were carefully examined based on a variance in their therapeutic selection perception which included the nature of their child’s alement, trust in the particular method, healer relationship, and the cost effectivity of the therapeutic remedy (khun and Manderson 2007). The barriers that influences the decision making for the types of healing service administered was due to poverty linked to limited accessibility, and with the impression of unfavorable health care quality at village health centers as well as public hospitals discouraging notions of known indigenous diseases (khun and Manderson 2007). A means of responding to these barriers in a evolutionary and biocultural fashion emerges when these women primarily service known and effective home remedies, seek consultation from public and related individuals within the community, thus alternating between popular, folk, and professional healing sectors and utilizing complimentative forms of medicaine and healing therapies in response to the illness (Khunand Manderson 2007). Considering barriers outside of financial poverty alone, the peak of the malaria growth is observed during the routine time of working in the fields, as observed in southeastern Tanzania (Ribera and Hausmann-Mela 2011). Infected individuals are also faced with greater travel distances from professional health center locations, and while considering the rural setting, there are few alternatives for assembling payment compensation for the care without unfavorable repercussions (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011). An increased trend in prolonged malnutrition has perhaps the greatest impact on the intensified exposure to the vector borne disease; this leads to poor treatment of the infection and disease, an increased viral, bacterial, and parasitic resistance to medications, and insufficient therapies due to several factors including poverty (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011). The epidemic is indefinitely likely to present a series of notable health risks including most serious cases of anemia (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011). Individuals within these communities are compelled to surpass increased costs, material and emotional exhaustion through alternative treatment courses, converting between biomedical and biocultural care (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011). Furthermore, the potential to mobilize certain care approaches dwindle if previous approach attempts have strained the social framework of the communities and have accumulated mass sums of debt within househoulds and within societ (Ribera and Hausmann-Muela 2011).