[] Topic

Topic : Sport

The sportman I appreciate the most is the late Muhammed Ali , born Cassuis Clay. He was born on January 1942 in Louisville Kentucky in the USA . He attended the Louisville Central Highschool.

He experienced racial discrimination at an early age growing up in the south of the USA. At the age of 12 , his discovered his talent for boxing ,St he started his amateur career in 1954.

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Ali went on to win the 1956 golden gloves tournament for novices and three years later he also won the national golden gloves championship as well as the amateur athletics union`national title for the light heavyweight division.

Very quickly Ali became an imposing personality in the ring, but he was also known for his lightning speed and fancy footwork.

After his Olympic victory in 1960 he become an American hero, and turned professional.

He was a boxer, an philanthropist, certainly boxing`s most celebrated athlete heavyweight champion.

The legendary boxer´´s beliefs were very important to him, he did not only fight in the ring but also outside the ring.

He converted in the nation of Islam in 1960´s after been draft tenseinto the US military he refused to fight in the Vietnam war in 1967, calling to mind his religious beliefs prevent him from fighting and killing innocent people. The boxer was given the name Muhammed Ali according to him “ Cassuis Clay“ was a slave name which he did not want to carry no more.

He was arrested for committing a crime and immediately stripped of his boxing licence and world title.The US Department of Justice pursued a legal case against him. Hee was found guilty of violating selective service laws.

In June 1967, he was sentenced to five years in prison, but remained free while appealing his conviction.

Ali´s religious and political beliefs were the reason why he was sentenced to five years prison because he refused to fight in the Vietnam war. Unfortunately he missed more than three years of his professional career.In 1970, he finally returned to the ring and the US supreme court.
overturned the conviction in June 1971.

Lot of Ali´s Friends and family members said that charity and happiness for those who surrounded him was one of the most important things in his life.

Universally regarded as one of the greatest athlete of the 20th century, he won the world heavyweight boxing championship in 1964. He had a career record of 56 wins fives losses and 37 knockouts.

After retirement from boxing, he devoted much of his time to philanthropy, in 1996, he lit the olympic cauldron at the summer olympic games in Atlanta which was a very emotional moment in olympic sport history.

In addition to his “make a wish foundation”,` he traveled to lot of countries to help out those in need because of his commitment in developing ‘nations’ , in 1998 he was chosen to be an united nations messenger of peace.

In 2005, Ali received the presidential Medal of Freedom from President George W. Bush , https://www.biography.com/people/muhammad-ali-9181165after president Obama` inauguration he also received another award “ the presidential award from the NAACP “ for his public service efforts

In 2005, he opened the “ Muhammed Ali center “ in his hometown of Louisville Kentucky.On this occasion he said“ I am an ordinary man who worked hard to develop the talent I was given , I wanted a place that would inspire people to be the best that they could be at whatever they choose to do , and encourage them to be respectful of one another“.

Ali’s stature as an legend continues to grow even after his deathPlagiarism. https://www.biography.com/people/muhammad-ali-9181165He is not only celebrated for his amazing athletics skills but also for his commitment to speak his mind and his courage to challenge the status quo.

In 1984, Ali announced that he had parkinson`s disease. Despite his parkinson`s disease, he remained very active in public life, and most importantly he collected funds for the Muhammed Ali parkinson center in Phoenix, Arizona. He passed away on June 3 , 2016 during hospitalization in Phoenix Arizona. He was married several times and had nine children.

The most important criteria which makes a sportman great is to work hardto develop his talent
and to do all possible to be the best at whatever you choose to do.

My personal criteria could be wheneverSt I become a successful and wealthy sportman , I would help those in need and try to encourage and inspire young people to trust themselves and work hard to achieve success.

Topic

Topic: The Benefits and Importance of Counseling and Guidance in the Education Sector
Introduction
Counseling is the advice given to another person with purpose of making such a person effective in life again. Guidance is an act of guiding, showing, directing, a person to find his or her way out or to someplace or somewhere. However Counseling and Guidance share some very common characteristics as it both helps students to understand their own world, that is students are able to fit or adapt and adopt to their learning environment and thus it also helps students to make wise decisions now and also in the future and to be able to identify their abilities and trying their level best to cultivate them. It will benefit the students, teachers, parents, school administrators and other stakeholders in supporting excellence in the area of education. This essay will seek to discuss the meaning of Counseling and Guidance, how and which group benefits from the program.
Counseling
Counseling can be a confusing term and it often has different meanings for different people. Counseling are mostly formal and it always involve a specialized person (counselor) by profession to deal with such matters and cases whereby a particular person or client faces a lot of difficulties in dealing with difficult issues relating to his or her personal life. Carls Rogers (1902 – 1987) invented an approach for counseling that was known as the ‘Client – Centered Approach’ or ‘Person – Centered Therapy’. This approach views individuals as rational, good, trustworthy and moves in self-actualizing directions or towards growth, health, self-realization, independence and self-sufficiency. Rogers (1951) also argues in his approach that individuals strive for excellence and independence if given the right push/motivation. Thus it simply means that counseling deals with wellness, personal growth, career and pathological (uncontrolled) concerns that is issues faced by a student or a client that he or she personally cannot control or resolve and that particular student or client seek for advice. If a particular client or student faced a lot of difficulties to try and cope up with their school work in terms of completing their notes or a particular given activity. Despite being told at by the teacher, the matter was then referred to the school counselor. For instance, the counselor will try to resolve the matter by looking into the profile of the student and asking him or her about his or her background. May be the child does not manage his or her time well and what the counselor does he or she asks the student to draw a timetable and try to work on that every day and the counselor will keep on monitoring the student’s work until the student’s notes is complete. Therefore time management is very important in order for that particular student to complete his work. While at home the child can just reach home and straight away do some household chores before having a shower and without any delay he can start completing his notes and activities. The advice given by the counselor to the student will assist the client to improve on his attitude towards his school work. Students are emotionally disturbed from a very young age and therefore it is bottled through different stages in their life and it happens to explode in school where the child is seeking attention to be loved and cared by someone. Counseling plays a pivotal role in this scenario where the counselor will counsel with acceptable diagnosis and treatment. Counseling should be a tool used by parents in a child life starting from childhood until adulthood and it will somehow have an impact in the student lifetime. The ignorance of counseling will contribute to the poor mannerism and performance of a student.

Guidance
Guidance is the act of guiding someone to achieve his or her goal that needs to be achieved in life. Thus it is also the act of directing someone to follow the right path or direction towards achieving that particular goal. Furthermore, guidance can also be said as the act of giving advice or counseling a particular child, client or student especially when that student is undecided of which course to choose according to his or her own ambition in fact that particular student can seek guidance from his favorite teacher in school. The concept of guidance has three main factors which include continuous process related with life which human being needs all the time in terms of real life situations. Individual guidance for students will be entailed by a person who is guiding them and he may not feel comfortable when guidance is applied to a group of students. One can say that through individual guidance the student will draw himself or herself closer to the teacher for guidance and that particular student will only feel comfortable to share his problem and not wanting his peers to hear his or her problem. Adjustment is where the teacher, parents, pastor can use some technique in order for that particular child to adjust him or her inside the classroom or community after the matter is solved. In the real life situation of a student he or she is not aware of which direction to take in his or her educational journey to achieve excellence and enter the workforce. The child will need guidance for the subject combination to take so that he or she can align him or her to appreciate and enjoy studying which will generate interest within the child to work smarter and achieve high in school. Moreover parents need to accept and appreciate the choice chosen by the child and not to have high expectations on what they want of their child to become in future. Parental support to the child’s choice will continue to boost the child academic performance or sports achievements which will flourish and success is achieved and appreciated by everyone who has contributed to the child’s accomplishments. Some of the parents have always high hopes for their students while not contributing in educating the child. They always rely to teachers, neglecting their part as parents guiding their students in the right direction. Education is like a chair, whereas the chair represent the child and the four legs reflects the role of the teacher as the first leg, parents/guidance as the second leg, society as the third leg and the Ministry of Education as the fourth leg.

Conclusion
To conclude counseling and guidance truly plays a crucial role in the lives of people nowadays. However it also changes the life of a counselee to help discover the new way of life. The life of the counselee improves as it discovers and explores the world as well as learning from their previous mistakes. Therefore counseling and guidance changes the lives of people and choosing from right and wrong, good and bad, positive and negatives in helping people or counselee a successful person in life. Guidance focus on helping individual chooses what they value most, whereas counseling helps them make those changes.

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REFERENCE:
Rogers, C. (1951), Client – Centered Therapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Gladding, S.T. (2004). Counseling: A Comprehensive Profession (5th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Merill/Prentice Hall. P 6-7.

TOPIC

TOPIC: FORCE
Definition: Force is a push or pull. A force is that which changes or tends to change the state of rest or motion of a body.
Force= Mass (M) ×acceleration (A)
F = MA.

Types of Force: All forces (interactions) between objects can be placed into two broad categories: contact forces and Non- contact (action-at-a-distance force)
Contact Forces : this is a force applied directly on an object. Examples include frictional forces, Tension force, normal forces, and air resistance forces, spring force.
Non- Contact Force: this is a force exerted on a body from another body in a distance (action-at-a-distance forces) includes gravitation, electrostatic and magnetic
forces.

Measuring Force:
Force is measured using either the English System of Measurements or the International System of Units (SI).SI: Newton (N) 1N = 0.225 lb;
One Newton (N) of force is defined as the amount of force needed to accelerate 1 kilogram (kg) of mass at a rate of 1 meter per second squared (m/s2).

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Some types of Forces explained
Friction – Friction is a force caused when one object rubs against another. It works in the opposite direction of the main force.
Gravity – Gravity is a force caused by a large body, such as the Earth. Gravity pulls objects toward the Earth with an acceleration of “g” which equals 9.8 m/s2.

Electromagnetic force- is a force associated with electric and magnetic fields.
Nuclear force – are the forces that hold atoms and their particles together.

Tension – A pulling force that is exerted by a string, cable, or chain on another object. Elastic – An elastic force is a force exerted by an object trying to return to its natural length.
FRICTION
All types of surfaces like solids, liquid and air offer the force of friction.

Definition: friction is the force that opposes or resists movement when two surfaces are in
contact.

Factors affecting friction
Irregularities on two surfaces in contact.

Friction will increase with increase in faith.

Two kinds of friction
Static friction: this is the force of friction that must be overcome to move an object at rest.

Kinetic friction: this is the force of friction that opposes a moving object.

Friction: A Necessary Evil:
Friction is a necessary evil because it has both harmful and beneficial effects.

Advantages of friction
Friction makes movements possible
Friction help to tighten or hold surfaces together e.g bolts and nuts, ladder on the wall, screws etc.

Disadvantages of friction
It results in wear and tear of shoes and tyres, machine parts, clothes etc. it causes monetary loss
Friction make us spend money on lubrication
Heat is generated by friction, which results in wastage of energy.

Ways to reduce friction
Lubricating oil and grease are used in machines to reduce friction between moving parts.

Ball bearings coverts sliding friction into rolling friction
The use of air cushion or graphite power.

Ways to increase friction
Soles of shoes are made rough to increase friction
Treads of tyres are deliberately made so that a good road grip can be achieved with the help of friction.

The use of sand papers or surface roughening materials on surfaces.