This journal aims to determine the factors of conflict and inter-religious conflict resolution methods in India especially in Southern parts of India .To get the accurate data and the results of the original, this study uses a qualitative approach by means of direct observation and interviews of people following different religions. After doing research with a qualitative approach, the results found that conflict in this area stems from historical conflicts. While mostly the conflict related to the religion and culture are small and low but sometime these conflict become too dangerous for people of different religion fighting for their rights in society. The method to reduce conflict is done by building commitment of togetherness and support public leaders mediating conflicting parties. The dual role of religious leaders disseminate the universal values of religion and local wisdom that functioned to preserve harmony. Conducting dialogue across religious and ethnic communities of the various elements to be mutually open, honest and willing to understand and appreciate the heterogeneity of the religious community as a gift from God should be created, so that India should become more peaceful country. I choose this topic because I have also encountered the issue of conversion of religion, they showed me the benefits I will get after changing my religion. Forcing religion by giving attractive benefits are also the main cause of the conflicts, because in India everybody is free to choose their religion
In the last several years, there occurred hundreds cases of religious violations includes the imposition of the will, vigilantism, harassment and violence. Violations of religious freedom are often cited people both at home and abroad. For Example In the Kashmir region, approximately 300 Kashmiri Pandits were killed between September 1989 to 1990 in various incidents. In early 1990, local Urdu newspapers Aftab and Al Safa called upon Kashmiris to wage jihad against India and ordered the expulsion of all Hindus choosing to remain in Kashmir. In the following days masked men ran in the streets with AK-47 shooting to kill Hindus who would not leave. Notices were placed on the houses of all Hindus, telling them to leave within 24 hours or die. The separatist group National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) has proclaimed bans on Hindu worship and has attacked animist Reangs and Hindu Jamatia tribesmen in the state of Tripura. Some resisting tribal leaders have been killed and some tribal women raped.
According to The Government of Tripura, the Baptist Church of Tripura is involved in supporting the NLFT and arrested two church officials in 2000, one of them for possessing explosives. In late 2004, the National Liberation Front of Tripura banned all Hindu celebrations of Durga Puja and Saraswati Puja. The Naga insurgency, militants have attempted to exploit Christian ideological base for their cause.
In Orissa, starting December 2007, Christians have been attacked in Kandhamal and other districts, resulting in the deaths of two Hindus and one Christian, and the destruction of houses and churches. Hindus claim that Christians killed a Hindu saint Laxmananand, and the attacks on Christians were in retaliation. However, there was no conclusive proof to support this claim. Twenty people were arrested following the attacks on churches. Similarly, starting 14 September 2008, there were numerous incidents of violence against the Christian community in Karnataka.
Evidently, in the riots there were several religious facilities, such as building places of worship (churches, mosques, prayer rooms), and educational institutions belonging to certain religious groups damaged, destroyed, or burned. This means the issue of religion has high sensitivity regarding beliefs and are transcendental. Then the legitimacy of religious, non- religious issues can trigger inter-religious conflict, where and when can occur if there is not a conflict resolution as soon as possible. It is necessary for institutions such as tolerance and solidarity among religious, for the realization of the essential harmony and productive. Now, these religious communities are faced with the challenge of the emergence of conflicts and conflicts between them. The most actual is inter-religious conflict. The potential outbreak of conflict is enormous, amounting distinctions humanity into the boundaries of objective and subjective civilization. According to Samuel P. Huntington, the elements of the objective barrier are language, history, religion, customs, and institutions. Limiting element is the identification of human subjectivity.
Hindutva is a patriot belief system which advances the possibility of a Hindu state; defenders of Hindutva trust that the predominant Hindu culture ought to be received as the Indian national personality and that different gatherings ought to modify their practices appropriately. (IRF Report, 2002) Like numerous types of patriotism, it plays upon the pride and dread of the dominant part gathering and endeavors to belittle as far as anyone knows debilitating minorities.
There are a few potential clashes, among others: 1. Preference; is the consequence of a procedure of association amongst people and gatherings shape demeanors, observations, IIIways of reasoning and feeling towards someone else or gathering. 2. Ethnocentric; a specific ethnic gatherings tend to feel superior to others and even feel the best. 3. Separation; began from the ethnocentric preference enthusiast who will then bring the courses of action as IIIstereotypes of different gatherings, for benefit arranged financial and political. 4. Monetary incongruities; because of contrasts in overabundance of the financial assets, bringing about the collection of IIIwealth to a man or gathering, while someone else or aggregate is drooped and poor.
The contention among the religious groups can emerge caused by unnecessary religious feeling, the sentiment being debilitated with each other, the removal between religion, the foundation of places of love are less qualified, the pet irritate open serenity and others. Causes are likewise touchy is the data of the foundation of a specific religion which is getting to be disciples of different religions. Here it implies building up a state of mind that compares the term religion with ethnicity
Some different components like Elections has caused the contentions among the religious gatherings. the state races quickly following the 2002 Gujarat slaughters gave the BJP its biggest discretionary triumph ever. There is confirm that the contention was arranged by BJP individuals preceding the decisions to demonstrate their remaining as the fundamental supporter of Hindu interests. (Metal, 200: 11) Government address arrangements of Muslim occupants were given to the agitators and numerous witnesses guaranteed that the police neglected to intercede or sided against the casualties. (Fickett, 2003: 7; IRF Report, 2002) Both the state and governments (controlled by the BJP) neglected to intercede to stop the contention or to convey culprits palatably to equity. (Fickett, 2003:3)
The religious clash of the 1990s and since, can be viewed as a feature of the more extensive political setting in India. Viciousness was an aftereffect of BJP politicization of religion when Congress had turned out to be excessively powerless, making it impossible to control and stifle disruptive legislative issues as it had done previously. (Dion-Viens, 2002)
At last, I might want to include my perspectives that India in tremendous nation having individuals of relatively every religion ,which makes it the enormous multicultural nation. In India everyone is allowed to pick their religion of loving yet the genuine clash is caused by two main considerations: Elections and compelling the religion on individuals. I have contended that India is as of now encountering an influx of religious clash impelled by the ascent of Hindu patriotism, or Hindutva. Albeit ordinarily clarified by old feelings of resentment, the contention is essentially a result of a particular political setting.
Hindutva is a type of patriotism which advances communalism. It displays its own particular perspective of history and legislative issues in which the Hindu greater part are mistreated and disregarded for different gatherings, and serves to legitimize brutality against Muslims who are viewed as a danger. It rose to unmistakable quality with regards to the factionalisation of legislative issues and the decay of the prevailing Congress Party by purposely politicizing religious contrasts and sorting out viciousness against Muslim people group.
Nonetheless, religious clash in India has been very limited. Mainstream Indian national personality and the presence of blended religion associations in common society have ended up being exceptionally viable in beating mutual pressures. The feeble political position held by the BJP in central government likewise directs its approach.
All in all, the essential purposes behind religious clash in India are the deliberate blending up of religious scorn and the rise of a political setting in which this can turn into a capable power.