The spilling of petroleum into our natural waterways is a major issue

The spilling of petroleum into our natural waterways is a major issue, and petroleum causes both acute and long term issues. Oil is harvested and processed in so many ways, there is a lot of room for error. These spills can be caused by tankers, refineries, drilling operations, or even storage facilities.1 Regardless of how petroleum is released into nature, spills account for high percentages of marine death and complicate vegetative life.1 When oil leaks into an ecosystem, it alters the balance of both the habitat and the organisms that live there. These organisms experience altered growth and reproduction patterns, anatomical complications, and increased susceptibility to hypothermia.2 The water resistant properties of birds and mammals are compromised due to matting of fur and exposed skin.3