The health challenges faced by premature infants often necessitate that they spend the first few weeks or months in neonatal intensive care units

The health challenges faced by premature infants often necessitate that they spend the first few weeks or months in neonatal intensive care units. Ventilators are required to facilitate the infants’ underdeveloped respiratory systems, incubators help them maintain their body temperature, and nasogastric tubes are typically required for feedings. This and other necessary situations for new born are very difficult to afford in developing countries(8).
Most countries lack reliable data on preterm birth in 2010, only 65 countries had reliable trend data and all but three showed an increase in preterm birth rates (USA, Brazil,UK) over the past 20 years. This may be due to better measurement and Changes in health such as increases in maternal age and underlying maternal health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure; use of assisted reproductive technologies which has increased rates of multiple pregnancies and changes in obstetric practices such as more Caesarean births before term(9)

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