Some researchers determined the lack of Piaget’s theories. The critic’s particular argument was Piaget describing the tasks that were confusing and also the abstract terms and he used extremely difficult tasks that the children had to do he underestimated their abilities. The researchers established that young children are capable of doing easy tasks and accomplishing the tasks that required the same skills. Piaget’s second theory was teaching the children developmentally advanced concepts and the researches determined it wouldn’t work because children mostly learn when it is explained in short instructions. The research behind this has led up to believe that children can be more competent than to what Piaget credited them.
In stage 3, crisis of initiative versus guilt is based on the belief of a child being active, energetic, into everything. It wants the parent to offer the proper measure of force to expand the child’s learning what they are practically are capable of doing. “Restrain” is a sense of having limitation action that exists in the disabled condition and signals for proactive, instead of active responses from the disabled people to allow their development of sense to who they want to become. In stage 4 there were problems of control underlying the presentation of skills of a child in the world to broaden in the school setting. In this stage, Erickson determines industry as the skill of culture as the action to be followed by succeeding the goal in the bigger world, for example doing reading, writing, mathematics. This kind of setting will give negative cultural beliefs about disability that will start to affect further in the development of skill that requires further in life. A task that develops a sense of competence for disabled people has been concentrated by medical and rehabilitation on the removal of functional limitations that cannot be changed. The industry has aimed to recreate normal ways of doing things, besides achieving larger social goals.