Smart Street Lighting System Using Iot INTRODUCTION

Smart Street Lighting System Using Iot
INTRODUCTION :
Internet of Things is actually playing a vital & important role in our everyday life, after it’s showing up. It shows an mark able changes in over traditional system and other
traditional ; general household equipment to make our life better. IoT is basically a combination of Operational Technology and Information Technology which allows unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive improvements.

IoT is actually the internetworking physical devices, embedded with electronics, software, sensors which enable these objects to collect and exchange data from an ecosystem.

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we all know, street lights are one of the main city’s assets well as city centers. survey and described that in average 30% of a city’s electricity is consumed by lighting the streets. In present situation the street lights will be on in the evening before the sun sets and they are switched off the next day morning after there is enough light on the roads, sometimes the street light remains on in daylight. Being an energy saving age, it is responsibilityto save energy effectively.for this problem the best solution for the wastage of electricity. If the traffic decreases significantly say between 1:00AM and 6:00AM, then dimming the lights is the best solution. It will reduce the illumination of the street lights to 20% whenever no vehicle was detected. And another remarkable side of this project is that we can avoid electricity supply for lighting the street light, instead of that we can use solar cell for the power supply which can save around 30% of electricity wastage
our project is in day light, the street light remains off and in the night, it can automatically dimming the light for the parts of the streets having no vehicles and goes on the brighten state for these parts once there are some vehicles that are passing by the road. At the time of red signal a barrier will appear automatically which has been done by using servo motor and at the time of green signal, the barrier will disappear. Another signal is added here to avoid accident which is yellow signal. It means if any vehicle is on the barrier zone, it is time for them to stay away immediately and it gives warning to stop immediately who are behind the barrier zone.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:
To demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this system, we need to make a schematic architecture by which we can show the entire process at a glance.

Street Lighting System
In this we will find out the effectiveness of power consumption. Anyway in our modern life where energy is the basic need for every developed and developing countries. For the betterment of that, we made a street lighting prototype to find out the effectiveness and made a statement to how we can achieve an energy saving era.
Traffic Management System
In this traffic management is really an important part to turn every city into a smart city. Here the
basic aspect of this research is to decrease traffic jam and force everyone to obey the traffic rules. Because in today’s world, traffic jam has become a curse. To make everyone save from
the curse, we take this initiatives.

PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units. It
Conference’04, Month 1–2, 2004, City, State, Country.
Copyright 2004 ACM 1-58113-000-0/00/0004…$5.00.

turns off or reduced power under the condition that any
motion is not detected in the defined area.
(b) Sensor unit:
It consists of the motion sensor, the communication device
and the controller. It sends out the message to other units
under the condition that motion is detected. This unit is
placed to many locations, such as at electric poles, at house
gates, at house fence and inside or outside of the door, to
ensure that every street light turn on before pedestrians
notice that. As for power supply, the solar battery can be a
good option.
(c) Access point:
It consists of the communication device and the controller.
It is used in the case that the distance between the lamp
units and the sensor units are too large to communicate
each other.

Figure 1. The components for the smart street light

Figure 2. The components for the smart street light

As for communication devices, a power-saving short-
distance device, such as ZigBee, is appropriate for our
system. As for the position information, each controller has
plural addresses, which correspond to the adjacent different
networks.
Figure 2 shows an example of our smart street light system.
The street lights turn on before the pedestrians come and
turn off or reduce power when there is no one by means of
a distributed-installed sensor network.
3. DISCUSSIONS
The targets of our development are as follows,
! Easy installation and extension: Each unit can be
installed one by one to the network by setting the
parameters. The system is autonomous-distributed
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units. It
Conference’04, Month 1–2, 2004, City, State, Country.
Copyright 2004 ACM 1-58113-000-0/00/0004…$5.00.

turns off or reduced power under the condition that any
motion is not detected in the defined area.
(b) Sensor unit:
It consists of the motion sensor, the communication device
and the controller. It sends out the message to other units
under the condition that motion is detected. This unit is
placed to many locations, such as at electric poles, at house
gates, at house fence and inside or outside of the door, to
ensure that every street light turn on before pedestrians
notice that. As for power supply, the solar battery can be a
good option.
(c) Access point:
It consists of the communication device and the controller.
It is used in the case that the distance between the lamp
units and the sensor units are too large to communicate
each other.

Figure 1. The components for the smart street light

Figure 2. The components for the smart street light

As for communication devices, a power-saving short-
distance device, such as ZigBee, is appropriate for our
system. As for the position information, each controller has
plural addresses, which correspond to the adjacent different
networks.
Figure 2 shows an example of our smart street light system.
The street lights turn on before the pedestrians come and
turn off or reduce power when there is no one by means of
a distributed-installed sensor network.
3. DISCUSSIONS
The targets of our development are as follows,
! Easy installation and extension: Each unit can be
installed one by one to the network by setting the
parameters. The system is autonomous-distributed
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Figure 1 shows the components, with which our smart
street light system is realized.
(a) Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness
sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such
as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for
several minutes under the conditions that a motion is
detected in the defined area by the sensors including its
own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Lamp unit:
It consists of power-adjustable LED array, the brightness sensor, the motion sensor, the communication device, such as ZigBee module, and the controller. It turns on for several minutes under the conditions that a motion is detected in the defined area by the sensors including its own sensor. Then, it sends the message to other units.it turns off or reduced power under the condition that any motion is not detected in the defined area.

Sensor unit:
It consists of the motion sensor, the communication device and the controller. It sends out the message to other units under the condition that motion is detected. This unit is placed to many locations, such as at electric poles, at house gates, at house fence and inside or outside of the door, to ensure that every street light turn on before pedestrians notice that. As for power supply, the solar battery can be a good option.
Access point:
It consists of the communication device and the controller. It is used in the case that the distance between the lamp units and the sensor units are too large to communicate each other. The components for the smart street light As for communication devices, a power-saving short-distance device, such as ZigBee, is appropriate for our system. As for the position information, each controller has plural addresses to adjust a network.

LITERATURE REVIEW
In general, our case study the literature review from different sources which is targeted various aspect of street lighting, traffic management & surveillances the road. Here we can say that our research is an integrated research which combined two major aspect & make a unique proposal of effectiveness. street lighting operation where we combined it with other system and make it accessible through internet to develop a cost effective, easy & less power consumption project. As initially proposed in everywhere they discussed LED driver architecture to use
smart street lighting system to develop a reliable system which may decrease the waste of energy. They clearly discussed that the presence of vehicle or object will make light on otherwise it remains off or dim. to save a huge amount of power like when the vehicle or object passes through the modules (here we use IR module), the street light will glow than the initial intensity of the light. So that at time of mid-night, the wastage of energy can be decreased. So, in our research work we use this procedure but to make it more effective, we integrate here the solar panel system. We use solar panel as primary source and the dc current for the backup
sources. If any occurrence happens in solar then the dc current will run the system. Solar energy could alleviate a lot of stress on the conventional power grid, and take us a step further in the process of moving towards a more intelligent power grid.Solar energy could alleviate plenty of stress on the conventional power grid, and take us a step more within the process of moving towards a more intelligent power grid and reduces a huge amount of waste of energy.

CONCLUSION & FUTURE SCOPE
In order to enrich our daily life with IoT, the use and necessity of technological system is very important to establish a smart city. Because we believe, the more research and development of IoT, the more development & establishment of smart city will be observed. So we realize, our proposed system can fulfill this particular demand. This project is easy, reliable, cost effective and significant in daily life. In our project, the traffic lighting system parts is perfect and can fulfill the demand of energy saving. And the traffic management part is extraordinary.
In future, we wish to develop an android app to evaluate the traffic load monitoring/ evaluating. This app will be able to show us the traffic jam status of every single streets/ roads in a city. And by seeing this status we can easily change our route of journey toward the less jam streets. Here the development of monitoring part is pretty much basic & simple but able to fulfill the general demands. In near future we will establish an identification technology based on image processing like vehicle license plate identification. So we can say, the framework of creating a smart city, IoT plays a vital roleand in near future, our research work will be a small contribution.

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