Mellissa K. Holt and Alana M. Vivolo-Kantor et al (2015) conducted a meta analysis to understand the relationship between suicidal behaviors and bullying. Database from a variety of online portals and references of articles was obtained to establish a cross sectional analysis. The findings revealed that each of the predictors were connected with the risk of suicidal ideation and associated harmful behaviors (after making moderations). The conclusion suggested that implications should be made for preventing such outcomes that are a consequence of bullying.
Sara Mota Borges Bottino and Caroline Gomez Regina et al (2015), conducted a systematic review on the impact of cyber bullying on adolescent health (both physical and mental). In this study cyber bullying emerging from electronic media was considered as the harmful stimuli that affected adolescent health and led to psychosomatic, social, and emotional problems. Symptoms of extreme depression, suicidal attempts, substance abuse etc were linked with cyber bullying. According to the findings of the researcher “the prevalence of cyber bullying varied from 6.5% to 35.5%” in the corresponding year. The conclusion of the review pointed out there is a need for increased awareness of the harms of the virtual world among the health psychologists.
mitch Van Geel, Paul Veddar and Jenny Tanilon et al( 2014), conducted a research to understand the relationship between “peer victimization, cyber bullying and suicidal tendencies in youth.” Victimization of peers included various aspects like continuous persecution, misuse of authority and power, and done with an intent to harm the victim. This type of victimization was found to be related to both suicidal thoughts as well as attempts to take one’s life.
Gianluca Gini and Dorothy L. Espelage et al 2014 did a study to recognize the relationship between risk of suicide from cyber bullying and victimization on peers. The technological aspects of cyber bullying were considered to calculate the impact on the individual’s cognition and consciousness. It was found that incessant and relentless actions of cyber bullying can have long term and damaging impacts on the individual.
Charisse L. Nixon et al (2014) conducted a study to find out the effects of cyber bullying on the health and well being of teenagers and youth. A bunch of studies were referred and reviewed to understand the concepts and impacts of the “virtual” type of bullying that is prevalent now a days. Depressive and somatic symptoms, suicidal thoughts, self esteem and self harm issues were commonly found in the victims of cyber bullying. The offender or bullies were found to have high levels of aggression, substance abuse instances, and rebellious behavior. The researcher stressed that a higher and more deeper level of study is required on this topic to intervene in and furthermore prevent the ills of this form of bullying.
Gary W. Schroeder et al (2014), did a research to critically analyze and review the influence of cyber bullying among the youth. He hypothesized that even though the literature and amount of studies on this topic were increasing the theoretical backing of such studies and researches was not strong enough (or even nonexistent in a few). He used the “general aggression model” to establish a relationship between aggression as a factor of cyber bullying. Additionally he also studied the correlation between traditional and technological forms of bullying and discovered that there was a solid relationship between stress and suicidal ideation and cyber bully victims.
Christopher B. Davidson et al (2014), discussed and reviewed the literature in the field of cyber bullying and researches conducted in the above domain. This study included and considered mental, social, physical, and socio economic perspectives as well as causality factors. Suggestions were made by the author to identify and shelter users from cyber bullying. To achieve this goal; teachers, parents, and members of society need to be vigilant and aware of the harms that are associated with cyber bullying as this will in turn help the community control the situation especially in the phase of increased use of social media.
M. Catherine Cappadocia et al (2013), studied the phenomena of cyber bullying using longitudinal information and data. The prevalence of cyber bullying and victimization and its accompanied risk factors were studied in approximately 2000 adolescents. The result concluded that risk factors connected with cyber bullying included frequent emergence of antisocial behaviors and simultaneously a decrease in peer friendly and pro social behaviors as well as suicidal ideation. This research also divided its finding and implications on the basis of gender.
Brett J. Litwiller et al (2013) performed a study to understand the role of violent behavior, unsafe sexual acts and substance abuse along with cyber bullying in the suicide of youngsters(specifically adolescents). New means of bullying through technology were taken as the main samples to analyze the impact of cyber bullying and its various manifestations. The findings of the study showed that these forms of behaviors associated with cyber bullying lead to suicidal tendencies. These behaviors acting as mediators as well as risk behaviors led to increase in suicidal behaviors too.
Robin M. Kowalski and Susan P. Limber et al (2012), did a study to find out if there was any link between cyber as well a traditional bullying and its effects on the physical, mental and educational aspects of an individual’s overall personality. For this purpose the subjects were divided onto four subgroups based on various parameters to carry out the tests. It was later found that subjects who were victims of cyber bullying scored negatively on the above dimensions. It meant that the impact of bullying was scientifically proven to be detrimental for an individual’s mental, physical and emotional heath.
Sheri Bauman, Russell B. Toomey and, Jenny L. Walker et al (2012) did a study to determine the connection between suicidal ideation, depression, peer victimization and bullying in high school students. The results revealed that depression was a mediator between offenders and victims but its level and magnitude was varied in individuals of both genders. The findings of the research helps us understand that more emphasis is needed to be put on intervention programmes related to the above mention topics specially in case of middle and high school students.
David D. Luxton et al (2011) investigated the increased amount of evidence there was in favor of the fact that suicidal behavior and social media bullying are interrelated. He studied how such a vicious system of bullies and victims affect the public and how forms of public health approaches can be useful in controlling and addressing the problem. The impact of social medial on suicidal behavior was evaluated on both positive and negative bases. Intervention and prevention programmes were formed after looking into all these dimensions.
Katerina O. Sinclair and Stephen T, Russell et al (2011), performed a research to examine the impact of inter student and cyber based harassment on mental well being, substance abuse, and perfomance in academics. A population based questionnaire was used on thousands on children between the age 13-18, which analyzed different kinds of harassment either due to sexuality, ethnicity, or through social media. The assessments indicated that children who experienced cyber based harassment displayed larger problems related to adjustment and showed suicidal behaviors and attempts.
Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin et al (2010), conducted a research to find out the correlation between suicidal thoughts and various forms of bullying; taking cyber bullying as a major factor. In this cyber bullying was considered as a non conventional form of aggression, from and towards peers. It was found that suicidal ideation was more prevalent in victims as well as bullies that have used cyber bullying as a medium as compare to those who haven’t experienced or enforced such form of aggression.
Scottye J. Cash et al (2010), carried out an empirical research to understand the variables underlying suicide in youth and associated behavior. The purpose of the analysis was that suicide, which is a major cause of death in the U.S population, is turning into a community health problem globally. The recent findings and results clearly portrayed the major causes of of suicide a few of which were “bullying, internet use, psychopathology etc.” which were divided into gender specific categories on the basis of the risk of suicide.