NAME

NAME : MUHAMMAD NAZIM BIN ALI
STUDENT ID : DOSHM18070020
BATCH/CLASS : 46 (G1)
LECTURER : MADAM FARAH HAMIZAH
CAUSES AND EFFECT OF INTERNET ADDICTION
Nowadays, in this globalization era, internet becomes a most important things to all people in this world because it is more easy to search information, contact with friend, know all about news, easy to explain everything become easy because internet can be use only by using their finger so it easier by them for using it all the time. Everything in this world almost use internet, but certain people in this world abuse of the facility and sometimes a certain people become addicted to internet. if you use internet correctly you will get a benefits of using internet. Besides, in this modernization world the teenagers usually use the internet for unuseful act like watching pornographic, violent video games and social media by using their smartphone, computer or laptop. This is one of the reason why people who are always using internet by searching and watching unuseful video. Therefore three causes of internet addiction will be discussed which are, social causes, variety activities on the internet, and depression
Firstly, causes of internet addiction is, social causes some people become addicted to the internet because of social connections, people nowadays almost have a relationship and always contact each other by using internet through whatsapp, facebook, or anything application have in this world because of that people has been addicted to the internet, many people have relationship but certain people become addicted to the internet because of that they use internet to contact each other. The long distance relationship usually they use internet for contact each other, this is one of easy way to keep in touch and that why they has been addicted to the internet. Sometimes internet is good for them when they use wisely. Some people receive advice from internet or some applications for relax their mind. But when a person has many close online friends and no one to count on in the real world, problems can develop. The effect of social causes is when someone addicted to the internet is lack of sleep caused they just use internet by phone or computer, this effect will affected to our health and will get eye damage.
Secondly, causes of internet addiction is, variety activities on internet many useful things to use in the internet but not at all is beneficial in internet. Many causes that people today become addicted to the internet as an example of addicted to pornographic, online games, gambling, shopping or anything else. As a result they will waste their time because they always spend their time with internet. For example Michigan State University’s Olin Health Centre reported in 2006 that 18.5 percent of students admitted their academic performance suffered because of excessive Internet use. Because of addicted to the internet students will not pay attention to their studies. Furthermore the students will ignore their studies and keep playing games or so on till they lack of sleep, when they lack of sleep that is not good for brain. They will sleepy in class. For example, Internet overuse can lead to sedentary lifestyles, weight gain and a decline in physical fitness. Other symptoms can include carpal tunnel syndrome, dry eyes, migraine headaches, a decline in personal hygiene and back aches, according to Maressa Hecht, founder of Computer Addiction Services and a member of the Harvard Medical School.

Last but not least, causes of internet addiction is depression in some cases people become addicted to the internet because of depression, just a certain people depressed turn to drug or alcohol, a lot of fun experiences that help someone in depression become happy they will use internet to their self to be happy they will search anything what can give happiness to them. When a depressed person turns to the Internet to socialize, I’m not at all surprised that they use it for social interaction in chat rooms and on social networking websites. People who are depressed do not want to socialize, but the Internet makes it so much easier to do it. It may make a depressed individual feel more “connected” and help them make it happy through every day with their depression. For example, a wife not getting her emotional needs met by her husband, may hop online and find friendly sites with people willing to talk. Each time she has an issue with her husband have someone positives to getting in online. This reinforces the addiction Internet can have on someone. Actually this is not a great way to use the internet if not using the internet properly it will give worse effect to internet users. People in depression must be guide. We should not to ignore then because they need a listener to listen about the problem or the stories. For example, A study published in the “Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine” found depression, as well as ADHD and social phobia, to increase the chances of excessive Internet use in adolescents.

The conclusion of all this topic, we as a user internet in this world should know how to use internet correctly because if use internet wrongly it will give a worse effect to user. Other than drug or alcohol addiction, internet addiction is also danger to those who are addicted, as a user we must avoid the causes that will give someone addicted to internet such as, social causes, variety activities in the internet and depression this causes also make someone has been addicted, internet addiction also can give effect to human health like eye damage, obesity, body fitness or anything else because when someone who are addicted will spend their time with internet than spend their time with family or exercise. If use internet correctly you will get a benefits of using internet
REFERENCES :
PhychGuides.com. (n.d) . computer / internet addiction symptoms causes and effects . Retrieved from https://www.psychguides.com/guides/computerinternet-addiction-symptoms-causes-and-effects/Hinders . D. (2017). What causes internet addiction . livestrong.com . Retrieved from , https://www.livestrong.com/article/135346-what-causes-internet-addiction/Chait. J. (n.d) causes of internet addiction . Lovetoknow . Retrieved from , https://addiction.lovetoknow.com/wiki/Causes_of_Internet_AddictionDonald. S. (2017) . facts about internet addiction . livestrong.com . Retrieved from , https://www.livestrong.com/article/121871-internet-addiction/Cocke. A. (2017). internet addiction & health effects . livestrong.com . Retrieved from , https://www.livestrong.com/article/134688-internet-addiction-health-effects/

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NAME

NAME: SAAD AHMED
Registration Number: 180607
Department: Bachelors of Electrical Engineering Telecom (BEET)
Section: “A”
Class: Pakistan Studies
Professor: Ghulam Mustafa
ASSIGNMENT NO. 1
HEALTH FACILITIES IN RURAL AREAS OF PAKISTAN
What is Health?
According to WHO.

Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity.

We commonly said this, “the state of being free from illness or injury.

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Health Care in Pakistan:
Health is one of the major indicator for development of any country but unfortunately the condition of healthcare is still not satisfactory in Pakistan.

Total budget allocated for health care in Pakistan is only 3%, that’s not enough.
Health sector in Pakistan has been struggling for many years. Health delivery system is run by both state and non-state authorities. People living in urban areas have an easy access to best healthcare facilities whereas, in rural areas, accessibility to proper medical services is difficult. People either live far away from the clinics/hospitals or they don’t have any such institutes in their areas.
Health Issues in Rural Areas:
In Pakistan, more than 70 million of the population is living below the poverty line. These people don’t have any access to basic facilities including food and water. In addition to that, if they get sick, they don’t have any proper healthcare facilities.

In the history of Pakistan, health has never been a top priority especially of the people living in rural areas. Middle and upper-income class families are able to get treatment from best hospitals as they can pay from their pockets. On the other hand, for the underprivileged community, there are local hospitals but the number of patients is far more than the doctors available to treat them. Also, the number of beds are too less in these hospitals. Due to this, a large number of people have to sit on the floors which are also reported by media many times.

Health facilities for rural areas in our country in the present state are in total disarray. The private sector does not find it financially viable to set up medical facilities in villages. The Basic Health Units and Rural dispensaries, set up by the provincial and district governments in some villages, mostly have no doctors and the patients are left to the mercy of dispenses or quacks. The young doctors do not want to work in these locations because of lack of proper residential and other infrastructure. Buildings of many of these facilities are in a dilapidated state.

Main problems:
In the majority of rural areas, there is not even any local hospital to facilitate the people. Especially in Sindh, there are many small villages and slums where people are dying because they don’t have clean water and food. Due to this, they suffer from a number of deadly diseases. The infant mortality rate in Pakistan is also alarming which is 66 per 1000 births.
These states run institutions do not even have minimum medical equipment like X-ray machines or other equipment prescribed in their own policies. They do not have ambulance facilities to take patients requiring emergency treatment to a hospital. Non-availability of medical advice and medicines to the poor from these institutions has led to rise in mortality rates as well as increase in incidence of diseases.
Due to lack of proper care, mothers are not able to maintain their health during pregnancy resulting in the deaths of their babies. In many cases, children are born with various diseases including heart defects. Apart from the lack of medical facilities, there is not any health insurance system for the underprivileged through which they can treatment for free or at least at discounted rates. 
Due to the shortage of nurses and doctors for rural areas, every year thousands of children die during birth or if they survive, they suffer from one or two diseases. The increasing number of heart patients mostly including children suffering from congenital heart defect is alarming. The mortality rate of women is also high because they are treated by midwives with no professional knowledge.

Added to this is the lack of proper sewerage and sanitation in addition to inability of local governments to provide clean drinking water in small and even district towns. This has caused increase in water borne diseases.

Organization’s Working in Healthcare Sector:
There are a number of NGOs working in the healthcare sector. Majority of them are providing free medicines that can heal the pain of patients who are suffering from flu, cough or other mild diseases.

But for those, who are suffering from serious diseases and need proper treatment, there is no care provided to them. The government hospitals are not enough to cater the needs of thousands of suffering people. If they need surgical treatment, they have to rely on local hospitals who put them on a long waiting list. By the time their turn comes, either the patient gets expired or his/her health gets deteriorated.

 
Alarming Health Conditions in Pakistan
In Pakistan, only 3% of the total budget is allocated for healthcare which is not enough. Keeping in mind the number of people who are living in extreme poverty, the government should take serious steps. Due to lack of basic facilities and healthcare, a large number of our population is suffering from a number of diseases. Following are 8 most prevalent health issues in Pakistan which need immediate action:
List of Top 8 Health Issues in Pakistan
1 – Tuberculosis2 – Hepatitis A, B and C3 – Dengue fever4 – Ischemic Heart Disease5 – Stroke6 – Cancer7 – Diabetes8 – Malaria
Conclusions:
These are only some of the health issues currently widespread across Pakistan and need an immediate action. Even though many new strategies are introduced to improve the health care facilities in Pakistan, there is a need to take more steps in order to provide proper healthcare and improve health education. The government also needs to initiate programs that can help those who are not financially stable and are unable to undergo medical treatment.

NAME

NAME: SAAD AHMED
Registration Number: 180607
Department: Bachelors of Electrical Engineering Telecom (BEET)
Section: “A”
Class: Pakistan Studies
Professor: Ghulam Mustafa
ASSIGNMENT NO. 1
HEALTH FACILITIES IN RURAL AREAS OF PAKISTAN
What is Health?
According to WHO.

Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity.

We commonly said this, “the state of being free from illness or injury.

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* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

Health Care in Pakistan:
Health is one of the major indicator for development of any country but in Pakistan health condition is not satisfactory.

Total budget allocated for health care in Pakistan is only 3%, that’s not enough.
Health sector in Pakistan has been struggling for many years. The state and non-state authorities can run health delivery system. People living in urban areas have an easy access to best healthcare facilities whereas, in rural areas, accessibility to proper medical services is difficult. People either live far away from the clinics/hospitals or they don’t have any such institutes in their areas.
Health Issues in Rural Areas:
In Pakistan, more than 70 million of the population is living below the poverty line. These people are away from using basic health facilities including food and water. They don’t have any proper health facilities, if they people get sick.
In the history of Pakistan, health has never been a top priority especially of the people living in rural areas. Middle and upper-income class families are able to get treatment from best hospitals as they can pay from their pockets. On the other hand, for the underprivileged community, there are local hospitals but the number of patients is far more than the doctors available to treat them. Also, the number of beds are too less in these hospitals. Due to this, a large number of people have to sit on the floors which are also reported by media many times.

Health facilities for rural areas in our country in the present state are in total disarray. The private sector does not find it financially viable to set up medical facilities in villages. They have no doctors in Basic Health Units and Rural dispensaries, set up by government in villages. The young doctors do not want to work in these locations because of lack of proper residential and other infrastructure. Buildings of many of these facilities are in a dilapidated state.

Main problems:
In the majority of rural areas, there is not even any local hospital to facilitate the people. Especially in Sindh, there are many small villages and slums where people are dying because they don’t have clean water and food. Due to this, they suffer from a number of deadly diseases. The infant mortality rate in Pakistan is also alarming which is 66 per 1000 births.
These states run institutions do not even have minimum medical equipment like X-ray machines or other equipment prescribed in their own policies. They do not have ambulance facilities to take patients requiring emergency treatment to a hospital. Non-availability of medical advice and medicines to the poor from these institutions has led to rise in mortality rates as well as increase in incidence of diseases.
Due to lack of proper care, mothers are not able to maintain their health during pregnancy resulting in the deaths of their babies. In many cases, children are born with various diseases including heart defects. Apart from the lack of medical facilities, there is not any health insurance system for the underprivileged through which they can treatment for free or at least at discounted rates. 
Lack of Doctors and nurses in rural areas, every year thousands of children die during birth or if they survive, they suffer from one or two diseases. The increasing number of heart patients mostly including children suffering from congenital heart defect is alarming. The death rate of women is also high because they are treated by midwives with no professional knowledge.Added to this is the lack of proper sewerage and sanitation in addition to inability of local governments to provide clean drinking water in small and even district towns. This has caused increase in water borne diseases.

Organization’s Working in Healthcare Sector:
There are a number of NGOs working in the healthcare sector. Majority of them are providing free medicines that can heal the pain of patients who are suffering from flu, cough or other mild diseases.

But for those, who are suffering from serious diseases and need proper treatment, there is no care provided to them. The government hospitals are not enough to cater the needs of thousands of suffering people. If they need surgical treatment, they have to rely on local hospitals who put them on a long waiting list. By the time their turn comes, either the patient gets expired or his/her health gets deteriorated.

 
Alarming Health Conditions in Pakistan
In Pakistan, only 3% of the total budget is allocated for healthcare which is not enough. Keeping in mind the number of people who are living in extreme poverty, the government should take serious steps. Due to lack of basic facilities and healthcare, a large number of our population is suffering from a number of diseases. Following are 8 most prevalent health issues in Pakistan which need immediate action:
List of Top 8 Health Issues in Pakistan
1 – Tuberculosis2 – Hepatitis A, B and C3 – Dengue fever4 – Ischemic Heart Disease5 – Stroke6 – Cancer7 – Diabetes8 – Malaria
Conclusions:
These are only some of the health issues currently widespread across Pakistan and need an immediate action. Even though many new strategies are introduced to improve the health care facilities in Pakistan, there is a need to take more steps in order to provide proper healthcare and improve health education. The government also needs to initiate programs that can help those who are not financially stable and are unable to undergo medical treatment.