Life is categorized by precarious twists and turns. Risky conditions may happen any time. No matter what you do or wherever you are, the fact remains that accidents may happen. According to John Furst (2014), Having a knowledge in First aid can save people’s lives – a small time invested by learning first aid can produce a lifetime of advantages. Medical emergencies and dangerous scenarios happen all the time and we are never sure when they will occur. If an accident happens in the street as you go home and you saw that no one assist the victim because the medical emergency has not yet arrived, you can give first aid for the victim because you have the basic knowledge. According to (New Medical Association Sport Injuries and Physical Education (2014), if you are trained with first aid skills, you can delay the deteriorating condition, save lives and even salvage an individual with CPR, if necessary. The aspect in which you respond during critical stage can increase the likelihood of survival for an individual. If an accident happens in the workplace, you cannot be a helpless witness. According to Lotufri (2014), First aid training for all the employees is highly recommended for the safety and prevention of illness or injury in the workplace, and it is a requirement as a company, to ensure your employees receive immediate attention if they are injured or taken ill at work. You must provide adequate equipment, facilities and personnel to deal with emergency situations to give aid to the victim. Comprised of relatively simple techniques that can be performed with basic equipment, first aid is usually carried out by a person who has a knowledge on doing basic initial assistance until professional medical help arrives. It refers to medical attention that is usually conduct immediately after the injury occurs and at the location where it happened. First aid can include cleaning minor cuts, scrapes, or scratches; treating a minor burn; applying bandages and dressings; the use of non-prescription medicine; draining blisters; removing debris from the eyes; massage; and drinking fluids to relieve heat stress. Initial assistance which is first aid, should be given to a victim of injury or illness. There are many ways to know how to do first aid. These can be learned in smartphones, tablet, iPad, laptop and any other gadgets.
Mostly everything that is used today to teach and learn has been a result of technology. All materials, including the Internet, had some connection to the growing technology. According to Bernard (2017), with adaptive technology assisting every individual at different skill level, users are better to learn on their own. Technology has affected the way things are presented and taught in every way and had a large impact on the materials that are used and the way we use these materials to teach a person.
Games are important learning tools that provide interactive and creative spaces for users to learn and explore. It recognizes the proven power of digital games for learning and is committed to fostering the broader adoption of high quality games in informal learning settings. According to Teyssier (2016), Games’ notion is important for your learners. This is the reason of why they will be motivated and interested in the training. Everybody likes to play and have fun, even more when you learn skills at the same time. Moreover, your learners will want to win in the training and have the best result they can. Users will learn first aid through technology. By playing the first aid game on the cell phone, the user is aware of what to do if there is an accident or emergency. Most games about first aid are informative. The proponents will make a game that will add to the user’s know-how and enjoy the game.
Background of the Study
At present, it is no longer necessary to learn first aid. It is the same as when an accident occurs and is not immediately provided for initial relief due to lack of knowledge. When an accident occurs, people will just look and pass by. It does not even teach children to learn about first aid. It often teaches when it is big enough or they will enroll to learn it. First aid helps ensure the right methods of administering medical assistance. According to Eisenburger (2015), this should be part of basic health education. One important barrier of the layperson on giving first aid to acutely ill or injured people is the fear on making mistakes. Developing the ability to save someone else’s life is the most relevant reason to learn first aid, and to encourage others to also learn first aid. Although most people will rush forward to help in an emergency, a trained person will be much more confident and will know the right action. This can make the difference in a life or death situation because emergency services are not always be able to get to the victim quickly enough to save them. According to Mcqueein (2014), Whether you are a big family or a small one, you should know how to do first aid that can help you greatly. It will ensure the safety of your loved ones all the time. In case of any incidents at your home such as burns, choking, fainting just to name a few. Having a knowledge in basic first aid could make a big difference between life and death. It is essential for parents and also responsible family members to do this. According to Shemane (2015), The main goal of First Aid is to lessen the injury as well as the suffering of the individual so as to save him from a possible disability and even death. Typically, people get to panic during emergency cases but a trained individual doesn’t do that. Instead, he rushes to the victim and provide an immediate treatment.The employees should know how to do first aid. According to Caldwell (2017), Not every job is dangerous, but every employer is responsible for the safety of their employees in the workplace. One of the best ways for employers to meet their legal and moral obligations to their employees is to provide first aid training to employees. According to Touhey (2016), It is true that having first aid training undoubtedly helps save lives. That’s not all though; giving appropriate first aid immediately can help to reduce a person’s recovery time. You’ll learn how to remain calm in emergency situations to help you recall the steps you need to take. First aid training will make you confident, therefore more effective and in control when you need to be. Not all accidents like injuries or illnesses require to be hospitalized but it doesn’t mean they don’t cause pain and suffering to the patient. A child crying because of a bruised elbow or with a fever is in pain and is suffering. By knowing how to act – even just by employing simple techniques such as applying an ice pack correctly, or utilizing appropriate bandaging, you’ll help to relieve their discomfort. You’ll also provide emotional support by remaining calm and collected which will make them feel more secure and reduce their anxiety levels. In some situations if a patient doesn’t receive basic first aid care immediately their situation will deteriorate – often rapidly. By being able to provide basic care you can stabilize a patient until emergency medical services arrives. You’ll learn how to use basic household items as tools if a first aid kit is not available meaning that you’ll be able to cope with many situations. Having a basic first aid knowledge means that you’ll be confident in your skills and abilities in relation to first aid administration. By taking first aid training, it helps you to reflect on yourself and how you and others react in certain situations. Having this understanding will boost your confidence in a wide range of non-medical day to day situations.
Objectives of the Study
a. General Objective
This study aims to develop a basic first aid application which will give its users, especially kids, tips and instructions involving first aid situations until emergency qualified help arrives.
b. Specific Objectives
1.) To advice about what one should do in emergencies which will require basic first aid.
2.) Trigger awareness in users about the importance of learning the basics of first aid.
3.) Utilize a kid’s time in using their gadgets by playing and learning basic first aid technique(s) at the same time.
Significance of the Study
The results of the study will be of benefit to the following:
As they go on with the study, not only are they able to assess their academic skills and knowledge, but they also become aware of how one should properly give assistance when someone or he/she is harmed.
By the application to be developed, the users will be equipped with the basic techniques used in providing first aid. The techniques they will learn from this application can be used in case of a similar incident happening on an actual scenario.
The Future Researchers:
The ideas presented in this study may serve as reference data in conducting new researches o in testing the validity of other related findings. These studies may also be a cross-reference that will give them a background of providing basic first aid assistance. It will also help students taking computer-related courses to identify the best programming language to use, as technology continues to develop.
Scope and Delimitation
This study was conducted with the aim to create an educational android app game that will provide learning experiences to children and adult to learn the proper first aid for injuries and illness which can cause more damage if the first aid is not appropriate.
To cater its users, the game has two modes – kids and adults. Questions will be based on scenarios about basic first aid for common injuries such as minor burns and minor cuts. These questions will be presented via game types namely puzzles, multiple choice and “drag and drop”. Similar rules apply for both modes, whereas there will be five items per game type.
The user’s progress will be measured through the use of numerical scoring, which will be based on their answers – every wrong answer deducts points. Once the user gets the correct answer, a window will appear giving a short explanation about that answer.
There is a section for basic first aid alternatives, which is presented in plain text. The game won’t be requiring internet connection and can only work in android phones. Design will be presented via 2D illustration.
Operational Definition of terms:
Android -kind of operating system in smartphones or other electronic device
Application – a program or piece of software designed and written to fulfill a particular purpose of the user.
First aid- First aid is simple medical treatment given as soon as possible to a person who is injured or who suddenly becomes ill.
Educational -something that gives learning to a person
Review of Related Literature
According to Anguera and Gazzaley (2015) that when playing games, the needs to react fast, be alert using your visual and auditory stimuli and learn to multitask while retrieving information in your brain. This can result to improving the working memory abilities of the gamers. Therefore, games can be a way to improve our intellectual skills although originally games are made for entertainment, studies had shown that gamers surpass non-gamers. The usual effects of playing games are important in observing a natural form of a working memory. On a wide level, games can exercise your brain.
According to Charlier (2011) in creating a first aid training, one biggest challenge is measuring the capability (knowledge, skills and attitudes), examining special skills needs techniques that are distinct for intellectual skills. Games provide an opportunity to combine and show knowledge and skills and they can give straight evaluation.
According to Tobar, C., ; Taramasco (2017) Smartphones are of the newest technologies that associate the features of telephone communications and informatics in a small portable device that allow communications and information processing even in patients bedside. As renowned by people, these devices demonstrated important growth in the foreign medical field where they operate action range from undergraduate education to health resources administration the demand of smartphones is likely to appear. the broad collection of functions of these devices assists in medical decision-making information.
Out of 1,000,000 applications (apps) in Google Play Store, we identified 32 apps for the treatment of burns, of which 20 were calculation apps (eight for estimating the total body surface area (TBSA) and nine for total fluid requirement (TFR)).
According to Almedia (2015) Even though the first-generation games had adults as its main target audience. Today games do not limit to adults as its main trget audience, today games do not limit to adults only and the major reason for that change was because teenagers of 70s and 80s were looking for a more complete content in game playing. Computer games are for everyone, not just for adults nor for kids.
According to miller (2014) games turned into a vital piece of present day society. They are the perfect tool for showing new content and new technology – many individuals play computer games and acknowledge them as an entertainment. Research had shown that not just youth who play games -adults also took a big part in the population of gamers. As indicated by the report of the American Association for entertainment software (ESA) Entertainment Software Association) in 2006. The 69 percent of the U.S. population plays video or PC amusements. The average of players is 33, and 25 percent are older than 50. Men make up 62% of the populace
According to Grant Baily (2018) performing well in a game has a positive impact on their lives outside of the screen, allowing them to look upon other aspects of their lives more positively. And half said they see the value in gaming as a method of escapism to help them deal with daily work pressures.
According to Beluan (2014), There must be some ment in being comfortable in our skin and even a bit of small break in the skin is no comfort at all, as in the case of skin burns.Burns are common because we commonly handle things that can burn skin.Because of it being so common, it pays to deal with them as first aid responders in likely scenario.
According to Ashawani (2014), First aid is not a medical treatment and you should not compare what you can do with what a doctor would do. Nobody expects you to make medical decisions like what a doctor would. You will be in the injured person’s best interest at the time.When you know what to do when emergency situation comes, it puts you in privileged position but it also comes responsibilities, especially when it is closest to you who will need emergency help.
Priorities of first aid incude assessment of the situation; making the area safe, not just for the victim but for the first aider as well; and getting help from specialists.
According to Beharestani (2015), Wounds affect different patients on different levels and it also has psychological and social implications that should be addressed, specially that we are now in a fast paced environment.As a part of the emotional impact of wounds, one’s own perception may include feelings like embarrassment, humiliation, guilt and shame.The patient may also need to “hide the evidence” of what they see as an imperfection.
According to Flege (2014), Many injuries don’t require emergency medical attention.An athlete who slightly twists an ankle or suffers a minor bruise is not in serious .However, non-critical injuries may sometimes impair performance .You should evaluate and closely monitor in assurance that no further complications exist by assessing the injury, attending to it by means of first aid, and suggestion of seeing a physician to rule out a serious injury.
Methodology and Design Development
Methods of Research
For this study, the proponents observed that some of the existing system in first aid are informative. Existing first aid games only have only one game type – mostly situational. The proponents will develop a game that is interactive, informative and user-friendly.
Data Gathering Techniques
The proponents looked up the Web for specific basic first aid procedure which will fit the questions given per game type. They also gathered data from textbooks to give them a better understanding of the research. Downloading existing first aid application also helped the proponents be able to conceptualize their own game.
Scope of Modules
The researchers will be using a mobile phone for the installation of the Basic First Aid Application. It is the main tool to use or play the application.
The researchers use Android Studio to build the software application for the Basic First Aid Application. The Application will be installed in a mobile phone.
center27305000Use Case Diagram
Entity Relationship Diagram
Systems Development Plan
Testing and Evaluation
To test the proposed application, the proponents will gather random individuals including themselves, who will be the first users of the said application. By doing this, the users’ feedback may be used as a way to further improve the game.
Test Case Document
There will be an upcoming software festival in the university, which will showcase the different capstone projects for this semester. On the said event, the proponents will conduct a survey to 50 respondents, including the students and faculty members of LPU Manila.
Technical, Operational and Economic Feasibility