Group work is very important when it comes to achieving similar goals and objectives. According to the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW), ethical practice entails conducting a pregroup interview with each prospective member for purposes of screening, orientation, and selection. However, this method of selection may be impractical or even impossible to conduct interviews individually. This therefore necessitates the application of other methods.
Pre-Group Information Sessions
Individuals are gathered in small groups. The aim here is to get information for the purpose of group orientation. Each member of the group is issued with a form to expressing his or her views. This helps the interviewer in organisation of the participants according to the information they provide in the forms. Each participant fills the for individually.
This involves organising participants in small groups of a maximum of 12 individuals. The interviewer manages the group. Topics of discussions can also be put forward. Participants are free to share information with other members. Interviewer asks participants questions regarding to their perceptions, attitudes, opinions and ideas. They discuss freely as the interviewer takes notes of the information from the discussions they are engaged in. Focus groups are unique because they combine interviewing, participant observation, and group interaction (Plummer-D’Amato, 2008).
Use of Formal Psychological Assessment Measures
This method uses psychological tests such as intelligence, attitude, personality and direct observation. According to Reynolds ; Livingston, (2012) psychological tests are useful because they allow us to make accurate predictions and reduce uncertainty. Psychological tests are mainly aimed to measure the behaviour of participants. Once behaviour patterns are established, it becomes easy to organise group work.