Introduction

.. ghts. He used his new studies as background information on the three types of action organization, cultural, social, and personality. He included the major problems of society and his structural-function views, how society’s parts work together to maintain social order. As his views formed, he received much controversy on his subjects because they were so broad and varied. Although, Parsons continued his studies and developed an even wider view over time. He thought of society as four main parts, which were specialized for their purposes.

He began using these examples for many studies in his later career. Also, Parsons looked at ancient civilizations as references. His study ran through the investigation of these societies and how they evolved to today’s people. He examined all aspects of society and tried to incorporate them into one social science. His studies continued at Harvard University until 1973, when he retired.

Not much is said about his after life, but he may have continued his views on society. He was very controversial and had a broad view, however, he was still an extremely influential Sociologists and contributed a lot to the field. On May 8, 1979, Talcott Parsons died in Munich, Germany. Living a long life, Parsons achieved many goals and left his mark in Sociology. Historical Events While Parsons grew up, several historical events occurred. To begin, in 1903, the first working airplane was invented.

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Orville and Wilbur Wright successfully invented a working airplane in December 1903. They flew this plane for thirty-seven miles around a town in Ohio, and it landed perfectly. The airplane was later used in WW1. Another main event that happened was World War 1. This war was fought from 1914-1918, while Parsons was a teenager.

During this segment, America, Great Britain, Russia, and France, fought against the German army in Europe. Simultaneously, America was battling Japan on the other side of the world. Both axis powers, Germans and Japanese, were trying to gain political control of other nations. In sociological history, there were two happenings that took place. Both losses were of the same subject and transpired around the same time.

In 1917, Emile Durkeim, a French sociologist who was known for his suicide study, died. Then, three years later, Max Weber passed away. Patricia Miller-Shaivitz claims that Max Weber was a German sociologist, who was recognized for his study on institutions. These were considered two big losses for sociology. Contributions to Sociology Talcott Parsons started with his assessment of other sociologists’ views.

He used these matters to form his own understanding on the subject and to create his theories. His views on social action and the social system created motion in the world of sociology. His works lead to Parsonianism, and they helped followers form their own theories on the matter. Parsons’ writing caused a lot of opposition in sociology, which helped arguing associates intervene with their thoughts. His first book made a base for his theses and attracted a lot of attention.

His supporters were formed and so was his Parsonian concept. His followers and concepts grew and widened. His notions created a big mark in sociology and in also other subjects. His views built a new way of thinking for other sociologists, leading to new subject matters and thoughts. With the release of Parsons’ second book, antagonism began stirring in sociology.

His works caused competitors to criticize, and this enticed them to construct thoughts to fight Parsons’ conception In turn, he developed theories that associates could use to make similar or diverse assumptions. Until now, his works still are used as basic views on society, and they help us understand specific subject matters. During his teachings at Harvard University, Talcott induced his and other views into the minds of many young students. So, you can say that he bread a strong herd of sociologists. Parsons assisted in the movement for a sociology department at Harvard and ran it for many years. This new department was where the elite sociologists learnt their basics and graduated as leading theorists. Parsons also merged three fields of study, anthropology and psychology with sociology, which is still used by modern day sociologists.

Even though he contributed in many other ways, Parson theories and views are still his main benefactions to sociology. Many people were interested in the action theory and his thoughts on social action, systems, evolution, and order, and people even ponder them nowadays. Encyclopedia Americana acknowledges that “His work will continue to capture our imagination and respect..” (480). Sociologists and theorists will be using his notions for a long time to come. My Reactions As I began to research Talcott Parsons, I could not realize why people, mostly in the social science field, respected him so much. With the little information I could secure, I started to learn more about his life, and why he was so admired.

I feel that people liked him because of his works, incorporating all aspects of society, and his contributions to society. His views looked at society’s different parts, and how they worked as a group to perform specialized tasks. People felt that as he was trying to understand society, Parsons was trying to help society. His views included the whole society and created a new chapter of sociology. Along with this, he helped sociology by making the field well known.

He was one person who started Harvard’s department of sociology, and he affiliated three main studies: anthropology, psychology, and sociology. All these factors influenced sociology and, therefore, made people honor Talcott Parsons. I would like to add that from the 50’s to 60’s, Parsons’ life and career was awfully complex. He was involved in many views on society, and he had numerous writings. I was not able to include that whole part of his life because it was too in depth and detailed.

However, I pointed out the major elements of that time frame. Also, information on the last ten years of his life was out of my grasp. It is either unknown or exceptionally hard to locate. Bibliography “Airplane.” n. pag. Online.

Internet. 20 Oct. 1998. Available http://encarta.msn.com/find/ default.asd?section=find Macionis, John J. Sociology: Sixth Edition. New Jersey: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Miller-Shaivitz, Patricia. “Major Theorists.” Palm Beach Community College. 9 Sept. 1998. Rossi, Ino. Structural Sociology.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. “Talcott Parsons.” Encyclopedia Americana. 1996. “Talcott Parsons.”The New Encyclopedia Britannica. 1996. “Talcott Parsons.” International Encyclopedia of Social Science.

1979. “Talcott Parsons: 1902–1979.” Biography: 1p. Online. Internet. 20 Oct.

1998. Available http://www.search.biography.com/print record.pl?id=18287 “Talcott Parsons (1902-1979).” Sociology at Hewett: 1 of 2p. Online. Internet. 19 Oct.

1998. Available http://www.hewett.norfolk.sch.uk/curric/soc/parson s.biog.htm “TSC: Talcott Parsons (1902-1979).” Social Research Cafe: 1 of 2 p. Online. Internet. 20 Oct. 1998.

Available http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/2147/parso ns.htm “World War 1.” Webster’s New World College Dictionary. 1997.

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