Human beings have their privacy

Human beings have their privacy, and everyone needs to respect each other’s privacy. Privacy is a broad concept which cannot be defined with an exact definition. In general, privacy is a condition of not revealing any sort of information to others. Sometimes, it is defined as a freedom of choosing one’s personal choices, plans and decisions without having any interferences from outsiders 1. It is often defined as an evolving concept which is the crucial point in the modern western life and often get influenced by political and technological features of the society 1. It is an ability of one’s to express themselves and their thoughts without external pressures. Privacy accounts for several types such as physical/accessibility privacy, decisional privacy, psychological/mental privacy and informational privacy 1.
Typically, privacy talks about the rights to act freely, the right too live freely without unwanted harassment and the right to make choices individually 2. There are three key elements supporting privacy such as safeguarding information about oneself, acting anonymously and limiting other’s access to us physically 2. There are some arguments that support privacy as a good thing as it is an intrinsic good, instrumental good and valuable good because it supports other basic rights such as property, freedom and security. Another argument is, it plays a significant role in relationships with each other like friendship, intimacy and trust 2.
Privacy in the context of technological era
Before the development of modern technologies, it was easier to protect privacy or sometimes, it was not a matter of discussion. Technology has come across a lots of development phase to play a key role in making people’s life easier, faster and better. However, with the emergence of innovative technologies and their opportunities created challenges in maintaining privacy. With the production of newspapers, social networking sites, gossip columns and society pages have created a lot of challenges to people to safeguard their information and created difficulty in maintaining their privacy 2. Advancement in the information technology has made people life easier on one hand and on the other hand, portend privacy and have increased the possibility of leaking personal information causing negative results such as misuse of one’s information, kidnapping, hacking of social sites, harassment, scamming, blackmailing and so on 3. Weakening of privacy and increasing of power of technology give rise to the concerns about law, policies and ethics 3. The government organizations and commercial organizations such as banks and insurance companies start to collect information about individuals financial and credit history with the development of database technology often lead to possibilities of affecting privacy negatively 2. Privacy is mostly affected when the connectivity is increased through social networking sites such as Facebook, Instagram, yahoo, twitter and others to exchange personal information for the benefits of using services 3.

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