Firstly

Firstly, the now-versus-future pattern is a common pathway of reasoning among suicidal people because they regard suicide as a tradeoff. For instance, “they are willing to trade away their future and all its potential joys in order to gain immediate relief” from their current misery (Baumeister & Bushman, p. 141, 2017). This is because suicidal people are more focused on the distress of the now and therefore lack the foresight of a, potentially, better future. This is a common occurrence in a variety of suicides as one’s reasoning pertains their current circumstances, that seem unpleasant at the time, with no hope of improvement in the future. Examples of this thought process in those who commit suicide can be seen in those who have lost their job, gone from wealthy to poor, or even students who have received lower grades than usual and drastic changes in politics or the economy. These are life circumstances than can drastically affect one’s mindset and make them feel as if there is no way to escape, other than death, their current unpleasantness. This is also due to discrepancies in what one expects from life and the reality of the situation they are in due to the immediate dread that is associated with their life at the moment (Baumeister & Bushman, p. 141, 2017). Now, research has shown that suicide rates in the United States have drastically increased in the last couple of years. A study from 2016 reported that suicide was the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and that “suicide claims more lives than traffic accidents and more than twice as many as homicides” (“Sentinel Event Alert”, p. 1). These astounding statics represent the undoubtedly growing social problem that suicide has become in recent years and how common it is. While the reasons as to why one may choose to commit suicide may vary, it is clear that the now-versus-future pattern plays a role in much of the reasoning behind it. For example, other research has studied the correlation of the United States housing crisis and suicide rates. This is another example of the now-versus-future pattern because the immediate impact of the foreclosures across the country was a reasoning behind many of the suicides at the time. Researchers found that “increases in within-state total foreclosure rates were significantly associated with total suicide rates, and the effects of real estate-owned (REO) foreclosures on suicide were stronger than total foreclosure” (Jones & Pridemore, p. 173, 2016). Since the process of a foreclosure can be overwhelming and to be never-ending, suicide rates, at the time, increased. Thus research supports and suggest the theory of the now-versus-future pattern in regards to suicide.

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