Faculty of Business and Economics Course

Faculty of Business and Economics
Course: International Trade Law
Course Leader: JUDr. Ing. Libor Kyncl, Ph.D.

Summer Semester 2018
Project Report
Exporting Clothes from India to Czech Republic
Report Submitted by,
Arunkumar Vasudevan
Mahammad Guluzade
The purpose for the project is to find the facts and activities for exporting clothes from India to Czech Republic that need to considered for conveyances. The garments business in India abides a vital place in the economy of the nation and supplies generously to gaining of fare. The garments business in India positions third biggest exporter. Apparel makes up around 17% of whole fares. In the worldwide fares of materials, India is positioned as the third biggest exporter, trailing EU-27 and China. Tax assessment of the Indian material area will be the usage of Goods and Services Tax (GST). The GST will have two parts namely, one imposed by the Centre (CGST) and the other to be exacted by the States (SGST).. FOB INCOTERM is used in the exports.

Keywords: Trade, Indo-Czech trade relations, Taxes for Exporting clothes, Taxation, Policy Support, Goods and Services Tax.

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Starting Exports
Finding a purchaser is the key. You may get a few leads from the Export advancement boards. For the most part, a planned purchaser might want to see your examples. In the event that that gets endorsed numerous purchasers, especially from USA or Europe, may get a kick out of the chance to visit your processing plant to discover whether you keep up their recommended measures. Once in a while, you may get a trial arrange. It expects you to complete parcel of tests. You may likewise take part in International exchange fairs composed in various nations to indicate case your item. India faces solid rivalry from Bangladesh and China with respect to fare of articles of clothing. It is vital for each exporter and shipper to get a PAN from the Income Tax Department.

Obtaining Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) Number
An IEC is a 10-digit figure which is required for responsibility for export and import.
Pricing and Costing
The cost ought to be worked out mulling over all costs from inspecting to acknowledgment of fare continues based on terms of offer i.e. Free on Board (FOB), Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF), Cost and Freight(C&F), and so forth. Objective of setting up send out costing ought to be to offer most extreme amount at aggressive cost with greatest net revenue. Setting up a fare costing sheet for each fare item is prudent.
Worldwide exchange includes instalment chances because of purchaser or Country indebtedness. These dangers can be secured by a proper Policy from Export Credit Guarantee Corporation Ltd (ECGC). Where the purchaser is putting request without making advance installment or opening letter of Credit, it is prudent to acquire credit restrict on the outside purchaser from ECGC to secure against danger of non-installment.

Processing an Export order
While proceeding an export order, it should be observed cautiously in respect of items, specification, payment conditions, packaging, delivery schedule, etc. and then the order should be confirmed. So, the exporter may enter into an official contract with the foreign buyer.

Exporters are qualified to acquire pre-shipment and post-shipment back from Commercial Banks at concessional financing costs to finish the fare exchange.
Packing Credit progress in pre-shipment arrange is conceded to new exporters against lodgement of LC or affirmed arrange for 180 days to meet working capital prerequisites for buy of crude material/completed products, work costs, pressing, transporting, and so on. Banks modify the pressing credit progress from the returns of fare bills arranged, bought or reduced. Post Shipment back is given to exporters regularly up to 90% of the Invoice an incentive for typical travel period and in instances of usance send out bills up to notional due date.
The greatest period for post-shipment propels is 180 days from the date of shipment. Advances allowed by Banks are balanced by acknowledgment of the deal continues of the fare bills. On the off chance that fare charge ends up late Banks will charge business loaning rate of premium.

Labelling, Packaging, Packing and Marking
The export orders ought to be named, bundled and packed entirely according to the purchaser’s particular guidelines. Great packaging conveys and displays the products in top condition and in appealing way. So also, great pressing helps simple dealing with, most extreme loading, lessening shipping costs and to guaranteeing wellbeing and standard of the payload. Stamping, for example, address, bundle number, port and place of destination, weight, dealing with directions, and so on gives recognizable proof and data of cargo packed.

Marine insurance policy covers risks of loss or damage to the goods during the while the goods are in transit. Generally, in CIF contract the exporters arrange the insurance whereas for C;F and FOB contract the buyers obtain insurance policy.

The transportation of clothes from India is by two ways
1. Sea route
2. Air route
Shipping textile clothes, the shipper must submit a Certificate of Origin and the recipients import license. The Cargo insurance must take from the exporter/buyer. The delivery of the product is port to port.

It is important feature of export and the exporter must adhere the delivery schedule. Planning should be there to let nothing stand in the way of fast and efficient delivery.

Customs Procedures
It is important to get PAN based Business Identification Number (BIN) from the Customs preceding documenting of transportation charge for freedom of fare great and open a present record in the assigned bank for crediting of any downside sum and the same must be enlisted on the framework.
If there should arise an occurrence of Non-EDI, the delivery bills or bills of fare are required to be filled in the organization as endorsed in the Shipping Bill and Bill of Export (Form) directions, 1991. An exporter need to apply diverse types of delivery charge/bill of fare for fare of obligation free products, fare of dutiable merchandise and export under drawback and so forth.

FTP 2015-2020 describe the following mandatory documents for import and export.

Bill of Lading/ Airway bill
Commercial invoice cum packing list
shipping bill/ bill of export/ bill of entry (for imports)
Submission of documents to Bank
After shipment, it is mandatory to present the papers to the Bank within 21 days for onward dispatch to the foreign Bank for arranging payment. Document should be drawn under Collection Purchase Negotiation under LC as the case may be, along with the following documents
Bill of Exchange
Letter of Credit (if shipment is under L/C)
Packing List
Airway Bill/Bill of Lading
Declaration under Foreign Exchange
Certificate of Origin/GSP
Inspection Certificate, wherever necessary
Any other document as required in the L/C or by the buyer or statutorily.

23% Goods and Services Tax is collected. The packing credit from the buyer or carrier is 4% from the packing cost.

VAT on imports from non-EU is calculated on the declared customs value plus applicable duty and excise tax.

Export promotion capital goods scheme is available for all the cotton-based textile exporters.
Exporters can claim the exemption for duty paid if they export six times the value of duty within a period of next six years.

The transaction between exporter and buyer is bank to bank. The transaction should be healthy in order to make export in good manner and get better income. The buyer should pay the entire amount for the materials before shipping. The short-term pay is not exceeding 90 days.

As per FTP 2015-2020, all export bonds and bills shall be denominated either in freely exchangeable currency of Indian rupees, but export proceeds should be realized in freely convertible currency. Export proceeds should be realized in 9 months.

Standard insurance to exporters against installment risks associated with sends out on here and now credit
Specific assurance to Indian firms against installment risks associated with sends out on conceded terms of installment, administrations rendered to remote customers, and turnkey ventures taken abroad.

Financial certification to Indian banks to secure them against dangers in stretching out monetary help to exporters both at pre and post-shipment.
Special covers, for example, Transfer ensure, protection for purchaser’s credit, abroad investment protection, and exchange risks change.

Policy support to textile clothes
Providing export credit insurance covers to banks &financial institutions to enable exporters obtain better facilities from them.

Providing cover for buyer’s credit/line of credit(LCs) to Banks.

Providing overseas investment insurance to Indian investors in overseas ventures (equity or loans)
Providing export credit insurance covers to exporters against loss in export of goods ; services under Short Term, Medium and Long-Term Policy Schemes.
Risks on exporters and buyers
Insolvency of buyer/bank
Non-acceptance of exported shipment
Default of buyer/bank
Insolvency of the LC opening bank
Default of the LC opening bank
Non-fulfilment of contractual obligations by exporter including quality dispute
Default or insolvency or any omission/commission of any agent of exporter/ buyer
Failure of buyer to obtain necessary approvals for imports
Causes inherent in nature of goods
Exchange fluctuation risks
Physical loss/damage to goods