An ethical dilemma in healthcare provision involves a situation where a healthcare practitioner has a difficult time in making a decision, as the healthcare policies do not provide clear strategies on the decision-making process (DeNisco, 2015). Most of ethical dilemmas face a lot of controversy due to the unclear steps to take when faced with such a situation. One of the ethical dilemmas that faces healthcare professionals include the aspect of euthanasia, which is a decision to terminate a patient’s life prematurely, based on a health condition (DeNisco, 2015). Euthanasia is aimed to relieve pain for patients who are having chronic illnesses, which increase their suffering. Most healthcare practitioners depend on the decision of the patient or relatives although in some countries it is illegal to terminate life except on legal criminal circumstances (DeNisco, 2015).
Opposing ethical principles include beneficence, which is an ethical principle, which involves doing good to all individuals (DeNisco, 2015). Non-malefience is also an opposing ethical principle, which involves not harming any individual (DeNisco, 2015). Although some patients may be experiencing pain and suffering, terminating their lives will worsen the situation as hope of recovery is lost and relatives suffer the pain of losing a loved one (Meilaender, 2013). Beneficence is aimed at improving the health status of individuals and euthanasia is not a health improvement strategy. A health care professional should provide the necessary care to prolong life and any strategy which negatively impacts the life and health of patients should be avoided (DeNisco, 2015).
Euthanasia has not been clearly addressed as arguments that all individuals should have a dignified death is opposing to euthanasia (Meilaender, 2013). Although some countries have legalized voluntary euthanasia, it still faces a lot of opposition from religious organizations (Meilaender, 2013). Other opposing arguments against euthanasia include that people’s situations can be changed by addressing the severe symptoms, which can help the patients have a value of their remaining life. The final stage in life is important, as patients get closer to their creator while others take time to bond and say their last words to their loved ones (Meilaender, 2013).
Administering euthanasia is denying these individuals the right to experience the final stages of their lives, which is important in their transition to the next life (Meilaender, 2013). Acceptance of euthanasia practice will affect healthcare’s conscience negatively, which will impact their provision of health care to patients who are suffering and in need of enhanced care (Meilaender, 2013). Due to these arguments, no clear decision has been implemented to address this issue.
DeNisco, S. M. (2015). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession. Burlington, MA: Jones ; Bartlett Learning.
Meilaender, G. (2013). Bioethics: A Primer for Christians. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.