Each mode is dominant at different stages of development but all are present and accessible at all times

Each mode is dominant at different stages of development but all are present and accessible at all times. The first stage (0-3)he termed was “enactive”. It involves encoding action based information and storing it in the child’s memory. Taking muscle memory as an example, a baby might remember the action of shaking a rattle. The second stage was named “iconic”, where learning can be obtained through using models and forms of images. When a child is learning a new subject, it is often useful to have diagrams or illustrations when explaining a topic. The third stage is “symbolic” in which the learner develops the capacity to think in abstract terms, using language as a symbol. Based on this three-stage notion, Bruner recommended using a combination of concrete, pictorial and then symbolic activities which will lead into more effective learning. This holds true even for adult learners.