DHAKA CULTURAL ABODE, HATIRJHHEL, DHAKA
SUMAIYA ARA SIMI
ARC 512: SEMINAR II
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS
FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ? BRAC UNIVERSITY
Chapter 01| Introduction
Scope Of Work
Aims And Objective
1.1 Background Study
The south asian part of this continet has a unique mix of culture. The inception of this blend goes way back to the third millenium BC. From the great settlings of flourished indus valleys to the aryans and many more brought minglings of languages and constructed the foundation of religious, ethical and pilosophical phenomenons of this continent. It is a diverse and vibrant mix of cultural phenomemons. Georgraphically starting from the himalayas to the deserts, intermingling with highlands and low lands this continent has so many layers its a fabrication of distinct manifolds of culture. Within this miscellany Bangladesh is a delta topographicly predominent by low lands.
The inception of Bangladesh was after 1971 independence war with pakistan. Laterly in the course of transformation and fragmantion Bangldesh developed its own art and cultural norms which has different values and perspectives. The historical changes has expanded into tradiotions that is treasured with deep significance.
The land of rivers has century old tradiotions reflected in innumerable customs. In archaeology, sculptures, in stones and terracotta, architectures, museums, archives, classicals, music and dance, paintings, dramas, folk arts, festivals, games as well as ethnic cultural activities the cultural practices has given this land a distinctive identity.
The cultural complex in hatirjheel might be an essential node for the people of Dhaka. The aim of this project is to create an inviting place for all people inquisitive about tradition of Bangladesh, an area where in people can explore and expand their abilities and values. The cultural complex will create an inspiring region so that it will give the site visitors experience and possibilities for cultural development. The complex must be a merge of landscape and urban space, designed as a public exhibitions integrating huge variety of programs, essentially a platform for that offers the city an urban destination it deserves.
1.2 Project Introduction
Hatirjheel is a lakefront landscape project located in the central of the city. This site used to be a wasteland, filled with unauthorized temporary settlements. After completion the landscape project became one of the prime locations in the city, benefitting both transportations problems and working as a recreational area for the city dwellers. In a congested city like Dhaka Hatirjheel works as a breathing space. The place has connected some major areas like Tejgaon, Maghbazar, Niketon, Begunbari, Badda, Rampura, and Modhubagh. Since acting as really successful project, the government has proposed for a cultural complex.
1.3 Project Brief
Project title: Hatirjheel Cultural Complex, Dhaka
Site: Modhubagh, Hatirjheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Site Area: 20 acres
Client: Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Bangladesh Government
1.4 Project Rationale
Dhaka is a dense city with only few places where people can go and breathe fresh air. When we think about culturally rich places only few places like Rabindhra Sharabar, TSC chattar, Shilpakala academy come in our mind. As for the city growing towards north, the north and eastern side of the city barely get public places.
Hatirjheel has the potential to expand further as a more culturally rich establishment connecting people all around the city and a cultural complex can take that opportunity to and eminent grade. It can become a platform for the city acting as an iconic foundation that can represent both our country and culture.
Hatirjheel has successfully worked as an urban intervention for the city. It has become as new home of public spaces which connects the city. So a cultural complex in this location can become an iconic built for the city that can as well represent the country internationally.
1.5 Scope Of Work
1.6 Aim of the project
The main aim of this project is to create a cultural complex that will respond to the city and the locals
Create a complex that will accommodate all the cultural facilities
It will house art, music, cultural facilities as well as galleries and citizen centers
Provide public amenities
Represent our culture worldwide
Organize cultural festivals and international conferences
Proposed Key Programs
Music and cultural show halls
Grand Opera Hall
Dance Concert Hall
Music Concert Hall
International Congress, Convention And Conference
Cineplex And Mini Planetarium
Library Museum & Gallery
Senior Citizen Center
Chapter 02| Literature Review
Culture In Bangladesh
Music And Theatre
Culture | Definition:
‘Culture … is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.’
– Tyler (British anthropologist) 1870: 1; cited by Avruch 1998: 6
‘… the set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people, but different for each individual, communicated from one generation to the next.’
– Matsumoto 1996: 16
‘Culture consists of the derivatives of experience, more or less organized, learned or created by the individuals of a population, including those images or encodements and their interpretations (meanings) transmitted from past generations, from contemporaries, or formed by individuals themselves.’
– T.Schwartz 1992; cited by Avruch 1998: 17
Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society. Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society’s shared values, and contribute to society. Thus, culture includes many societal aspects: language, customs, values, norms, mores, rules, tools, technologies, products, organizations, and institutions. This latter term institution refers to clusters of rules and cultural meanings associated with specific social activities. Common institutions are the family, education, religion, work, and health care.
Cultures should be thought of as integrated wholes – that is, cultures are coherent and logical systems, the parts of which to a degree are interrelated. When we say that a culture is integrated we are saying that its components are more than a random assortment of customs. It is, rather, an organized system in which particular components may be related to other components. If we can view cultures as integrated systems, we can begin to see how particular culture traits fit into the integrated whole, and consequently how they tend to make sense within that context. If, in fact, cultures are coherent systems, with their constituent parts interrelated with one another, it follows logically that a change in one part of the system is likely to produce concomitant changes in other parts of the system.
Culture | Of Bangladesh:
Culture | In Urban Citites:
In our centuries new urban practices have grown out of the modern city culture, perpetuating the age old lure of the good life that the city holds out. At the same time the contrast between the magnificence od highrise buildings and crumbling housing projects raises vision of the end of the city as a meaningful social order. In a world doubting the value of urban life and facing the threat of ecological blight, an account of the creation of modern city culture byt motley groups of people in 20th century supports the speculation that people will find their expectations within the urban context of an automobile technology that shattered the adjustments to urban problems which city peoples had achieved.
Riding on to the course of time present cities have froze into congestion. Only the hideous mixture of smells and the varying level of noises continued to assault nose and ears. Traffic snarls offered a momentary rest for the eye, swiftly to surrender once more to the cries for impetuous movement. With renewed intesity pedestrians hustled along to overtake carriages, horses again pursued trolleys, which the clanking elevated lines renews their efforts to extend motion and speed into a new dimension.
Dhaka City has emerged as a fast growing megacity in recent times. It began with a manageable population of 2.2 million in 1975 which reached the threshold of 10 million in 2000. As this rapid growth of Dhaka is not commensurate with its industrial development, the city is characterised by poverty and social vulnerability, shortage of housing, infrastructure and social services, poor quality of physical and social environment and inefficient urban management. Dhaka City is noted for a serious lack of outdoor sports and recreational facilities. Although no comparative statistics are available, it is certain that among the world’s metropolises, Dhaka has one of the lowest per capita numbers of playgrounds, stadiums, parks, woods, swimming pools, public libraries, theatres, art galleries, exhibition halls, museums and so on. The urban environment of Dhaka City is physically and socially lacking because an adequate proportion of its land has not been put aside as ‘open space’. Some of the open space (such as parks) is being constantly taken by ‘land grabbers’ with the support of those in power. Also, the presence of antisocial elements in these places – particularly in parks and cinema halls – poses a serious threat to their proper use by city residents (Siddiqui et al. 2000). Dhaka City is one of the most ‘rural’ megacities in the world in terms of both physical appearance and socio-cultural characteristics. Religiosity, ‘folk’ music and drama, rural accents and expressions, country food and dress are an integral part of Dhaka City’s culture. In addition, ‘civic sense’ is generally lacking among a large segment of the city’s population. According to Siddiqui et al. (2000) a lack of civic sense is clearly reflected through the indiscriminate honking, jay walking, violation of traffic signals, defecation and disposing of garbage in public places. Due to a disproportionately large concentration of administrative, industrial, educational and cultural activities Dhaka City is not only the permanent destination of rural migrants but also it attracts hundred and thousands of daily commuters and ‘circular’ migrants from neighbouring rural districts which has indeed rendered the social environment of metropolitan Dhaka with a peculiar mix of rural-urban traits (Islam 1996a).
Relation with surrounding
A complex should act as a pulling factor in an area. It has strong significance in developing child psyhology and guidance. It acts as the civic space physically connecting the city as well as the people. As an example name of Bilbao by Frank Gehry or war center by Daniel Libeskind can be mentioned here. Museum is an aspiration symbol of its host city’s changing identity; it should be an integral and approachable part of its neighborhoods. A complex acts as the marker into the urban fabric by means of pedestrian paths. The Tate Modern by Herzog ; de Mouron is described as “not at all precious” it “gives a sense that the building would be one that young and old people want to use. And those groups from the neighborhood would not be intimidated by”. It creates possibilities to produce integrated spaces. It also acts as the reflection of culture, heritage, history and art. In Stuttgart, the Neue Staatsgalereie by James Stirling Michael Wilford ; Associates has its entrance approach as a progression across terraces and sloping ramps, with the incorporation of a public right way.