Children’s Act 1989
• This act ensures that both parents and professionals must work collectively to help keep children safe. Section 47 and Section 17 focus exclusively on child protection . Section 47 ensures that local authority should investigate when there is reason to believe a child may be “suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm”. Section 17 ensures that there are services which help “safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are in need”.
The Education act 2002
• This act ensures that the Local Education Authorities (LEAs) , governing bodies, head teachers and others who work in a school are responsible for all children in school are kept safe and free of harm.
Children’s act 2004
• This act presents the legal framework for Every Child Matters. This act ensures that there is a “shared database of information” which involves the safety and welfare of children. This act guarantees that schools must have policies and procedures which safeguard the safety, security and well-being of their students. For example, the policies set in place for e-safety and making sure pupils are being safe when using the internet.
Working Together to Safeguard Children (2006)
• This guideline ensures the responsibility of organizations and making sure children and young people are kept safe by working collectively.
What to do if you’re worried that a child is being abused (2006)
• This guidance assists those who work with children to keep them safe and promote their welfare, and helps those decide how to deal with conditions where adults who work with children and young people are worried.
1.2 All adults working in a school have a duty to safeguard the welfare of children. Every school must have a specific named member of staff who handles safeguarding children and e-safety.
Schools have a responsibility to:
• Ensure pupils are using the internet safely and are made aware of the possible dangers of using the internet.
• Support those who have been identified of being at risk of being harmed of abused.
• Recognize signs that may indicate abuse may possibly be happening, sighs could be shown through changes of behavior, isolating themselves etc.
• Ensure all staff members understand safeguarding policies and what action to take when a child’s welfare is put into question.
Children’s social care must work together with parents and other agencies to safeguard the welfare of children and young people. When children’s social care have concerns regarding a child’s safety and welfare and if a child may be at risk of abuse or harm, they have to decide on what actions to take.
Children’s social care will then:
• Carry out interviews with the child and parents/family members.
• Discuss with other agencies about the child and gather important information
• police have a Child Abuse Investigation Unit (CAIU) where if a child was in urgent danger they would remove the child or the person responsible for putting a child in danger.
• police ensure to carry out a criminal investigation if a crime has been committed.
• Health professionals such as GPs and doctors in A&E examine a child and their injuries and may suspect if it was non-accidental. They must alert children social care when abuse is alleged.
• Health professionals may also give evidence in court if a crime has been committed
The National Society for the Protection of Children (NSPCC)
• The NSPCC work to protect children from harm.
• “The NSPCC is the only third-sector organisation (charity) which has the statutory power, alongside the police and children’s social services, to take action when children are at risk of abuse.”
• people who are concerned about a child who may be at risk can call NSPCC helpline
• The UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) safeguards children from internet dangers
• The council help increase internet safety awareness to protect children and young people from “unsuitable sites and establish codes of practice.”
The Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB)
• The LSCB always reviews serious cases of abuse
• They supervise the work of other agencies
• child services experts are representing the board
Learning outcome 2 – Know what to do when children or young people are ill or injured, including emergency procedures.
2.1 It is important for teachers and support staff to recognize and identify the signs and symptoms that a child has an illness. There are many signs and symptoms that a child may be portraying to show they are unwell. For example:
• May appear tired and sluggish
• falls asleep in class/ has dark circles around their eyes- indicating they have trouble sleeping
• isn’t eating enough/ loss of appetite
it is important for you to identify these symptoms and let the school notify their parents and not to create a diagnosis. Older children will be able to inform you themselves if they feel unwell, but some children may have communication difficulties such as having a language barrier and may not be able to tell you their symptoms.
2.2 Within every school they must have a qualified first aider, and in case of an emergency it’s vital for you to know who the first aider is and how to contact them.
When dealing with minor injuries such as cuts and scrapes from maybe falling over on the playground, these can easily be handled within school and don’t require pupils to go home. These minor injuries can be treated by washing with clean water and if needed apply a plaster/band-aid over the area. lotion or creams must not be applied ever.
It is important to record and report when a child has suffered an injury, especially if a pupil has suffered a head bump, the report will be sent to parents to help notify them of what has happened and to look out for any symptoms. The school must always record down if an incident or accident has taken place, it is important to take notes of the incident promptly after it was occurred and a member of staff with authority will then sign the reports. By law if there has been any severe accidents, the school must report to the Health and Safety executive.