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2.4. Understanding child trafficking
An understanding of human trafficking requires an analysis of the operation of, and interaction between, a range of factors that combine to make individuals vulnerable to trafficking. In order to understand human trafficking in its broad social, economic and political contexts, it is argued that it is important first to identify and know the interaction between such structural factors or variables of trafficking as economic deprivations, social inequality and demand for inexpensive labor force and adjacent factors of trafficking like loose national and international legal regimes, poor law enforcement, corruption, weak education campaigns etc. putting it in another way, identifying and knowing the interaction between the push and pull factors will help us significantly in understanding the nature of human trafficking (Newman and Cameron 2007: 11).
Trafficking vulnerable children and young people is a violation of their rights to protection from exploitation, to play, to an education and to health, and to family life (ILO-IPEC, 2002). Under international laws, trafficking is a crime involving the movement of children and their exploitation. The movement may be voluntary or coerced; it may be across borders or within a country; and the exploitation can take several forms like sexual, labor, physical, etc.(ILO-IPEC, 2001).
When children take up a job but have not yet reached the legal minimum age for work, this is considered to be ‘child labor’. When they are employed in hazardous or other exploitative circumstances, such as slavery and slavery-like situations, in commercial sexual exploitation or illicit activities, they are in a worst form of child labor. Hazardous work – according to the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention,1999 (No.182) – is “work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children”. No child under 18 should be in a worst form of child labor. Trafficking children below the18 ages into the exploitive situations is in itself considered to be a ‘worst form of child labor’, because children who have been trafficked are in a particularly vulnerable situation. They are away from home,usually separated from their family and community, may be isolated in a destination place where they do not know the language, cannot get help and have no way to return to their home. Isolated in this way, they are commonly the victims of abuse of power. Trafficked children are totally at the mercy of their employers or the people who are controlling their lives and so risk sexual aggression, starvation, loss of liberty, beatings and other forms of violence (Pearson 2003).

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2. Fighter: Despite his difficult childhood, he could get way of the terrible life he was having on the streets. He realized that selling drugs were not the correct way to do things and he could survived to many dangers he faced when he was young.
Entrepreneur: He used his talent for the music to create his own lyrics. The fact that he read the dictionary to find new words to put together in order to create a song, is what I will define as entrepreneurship, take all resources and use your imagination to create something different.
Artist: His music is famous; his songs are world-wide played. He is a top American singer and definitely one of the most influential person in United States. Besides the fact that he is married with one of the most beautiful woman, Beyoncé
3. Doctors should have the highest moral standards, because they are working with people. They literally have their patient life in their hands and a bad decision in the O.R could cost someone’s life. They should be honest with themselves and their patients in order to minimize the risk and mistakes.
Pilots need to be well prepared to fly people around. They have the responsibility to carry hundreds of people life in an airplane and being dishonest can cause a catastrophe. Morality refers about right and wrong. Pilots know that the right way to fly is to be prepare for every flight and in that way, risks are minimums.
Lawyers should use the law for the common good and not only for the benefit of few. There is a thought that lawyers all they want is money. An example of this in when someone has a car accident, some of them tell the patient to go to the doctor and tell them that they are injured. In some cases this is a clear form be dishonest because all they want is to get money for insurances.

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2.2 Major causes of early forced marriages

Adults hold a believe that they are entitled to impose children to marriage, girls are robbed off their dignity and chances to decide for themselves concerning who to get hitched to and the right time for it. We are defined by assortments and they also lead us towards realization of potentials. Girls should be given this golden chance (UNICEF, 2015).

Key significant identified causalities include destitution and economic needs, innocence, cultural and social norms, battles and conflicts in the society. Ignorance comes about when parents perceive it better and safer to marry off their daughters and avoid shame of conception out of wedlock. It also makes societies believe that marriage at tender age is a way of defense against ferocity and sexual attacks (UNPA, 2018) .Social and cultural norms still remain top in persisting early forced marriages. Some beliefs and traditions call for maids to be driven away under laid down accordance with other kins. Girls have no choice other than to comply. Pressure exists within the populace and girls are married off because their parents don’t want them to be left out by their age mates.
Discreteness between lads and girls also is a key contributor; this is in issues involved with education with boys allowed to school and girls to marry.
Existence of social and religious stigma pertaining age of girl marriage forces guardians to allow female children to get married in order to overcome it. Girls are also betrothed to develop relationships pertaining to politics (Worldatlas, 2017)
Countries go through various occurrences of girls kidnapping and they are married or held captives while others are marketed for marriage. This is during periods of instability following conflicts and war. This wars and conflicts’ also lead to increased poverty and subsequently girls married off or choosing to marry at early age (Presse, 2013)
Early marriages also occur because damsels are contemplated to be more obedient compared to the older ones and also due to poor children protection law enforcement (international p. , 2018)
Girls are married off by their fathers in Kisumu County due to poverty. Daughters are viewed as assets and are married off in exchange for wealth in the form of dowry. Girls are the chief source of income for debts payment out of their parents’ ignorance (oliech, 2016).
The beading tradition practiced in Turkana is a temporary way of getting young girls in to a relationship with old men. The adult male buys the beads per the girls’ family consent as an engagement mark. This happens at 2-4 years of age when the girls are booked for marriage since this marks the first bride price. With subsequent years cattle are brought as the girl continue to grow. This is the chief source of wealth acquisition in this region for poor families. The girls are forever labeled and prized asset which is adored from birth. Full dowry is paid by the age of 12-15 years. Since poverty is severe in this region girls are even forced to look for their own food, desperation leads them to look for men who can provide for them regardless of age differences. (njanja, 2017)
Socioeconomic and cultural differences vary from region to region which also promote child marriages. The living and growing area determines at what age those from the region will marry. In India half of the maids are married before 18 years and highest rates are recorded only in five states. Similarly the same pattern was observed in Ethiopia where half of the early marriages were concentrated in only four regions in the north. (icrw, 2012)
A common reason for a large number of child marriages among the Maasai community is because the woman is viewed as a communal asset, men knowingly attack and rape them without the elders stopping them. Girls here are robbed of their education and youth as early as eight years. Female parents have no powers to talk about this issue because it’s the fathers who are involved; this leaves the girls and their mothers with no choice than to obey. This is so strict that the mothers don’t even get a chance to advice the girls on marital matters before they are driven off following cattle payment as dowry. They learn the hard way in the course of their marriage. (Action!aid, n.d). The girls don’t speak up for themselves since this is not taught to them and don’t know how to work towards future for managerial purposes. They only grow up knowing their future is being wives and mothers. The few privileged to attend school receive no attention from tutors as boys do, back at home they rarely study but are involved in house work.

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2.3 Effects of early forced marriages
Childhood marriage exposes girls to a variety of risks; amongst this is health wise due to early sex exposure and child bearing. Hiv/Aids, sexually transmitted infections and obstetric fistula are also health related. Domestic violence is also noted, sexual assault and social isolation. Education is halted with any meaningful job which would later be associated with it; this in turn causes long lasting poverty (icrw, 2012)
According to (Chigiti, 2018), the gynecological system of females below eighteen years has not developed and various organs are also premature. Marrying these girls off amounts to premature abuse and this is contrally to the constitution which states that every person has the right to quality standard of health to include reproductive health. The potential for STDS is also high as a result of irresponsible husbands and polygamy.

Since girls are equated to assets and income sources their parent see taking them to school as a means of lowering their value. This occurs against the girls wish although they have nothing to do to rescue themselves (njanja, 2017) .Childhood marriages cost different continents large sums of money, this is in relation to reproduction issues, increase in number of people and wellbeing of children compared to their parents income as young mothers. This is an important consideration for the drive to end child marriage according to Girls Not Brides organization research from World Bank. Death and proneness to infections and poor health is also high for children delivered by underage mothers. This is common below attainment of fifth birthday accounting for 3.5% average and failure to thrive at 6.3%, this also costs the government billions to deal with it and it can only cease with halting child marriages.
Secondary to child marriage inequality follows due to the disadvantaged female; this misfortune runs in families for long and affects generations to come. Equality which includes full cherishment of all rights and freedom in the constitution is abolished. Females are just turned into sex slaves for the rest of their lives (Chigiti, 2018)

The savagery in childhood marriage occur not only .from girlhood deprivation other than problems related to health, but also from the close partner brutality when age difference between the spouses is huge. This is a mark of sudden and brutal sexual relationships (WHO, 2013)
Due to forcing girls into early marriage and womanhood, they give birth at tender age and this is a drawback to schooling. A continuous trend of illiteracy ensures, multiple partner marriage is also evident among the Maasai and the child brides have no power to request their spouses to use condoms as protection against diseases spread. (Action!aid, n.d)
Young brides lack egalitarianism at marriage time and even during its dissimulation as guaranteed by the constitution. She is also deprived of economic empowerment celebrated by mature women. She suffers inequality most of her life (Chigiti, 2018).